Developments in Paleoenvironmental Research

A book series by Springer

Volume 10

Isotopes in Paleoenvironment Research

a textbook aimed at Ph.D. students, post-doctoral researchers and non-isotope experts in the field of paleoclimatology and paleoenvironment

Melanie J. Leng (editor)

January, 2006; 307 pp.

$129.00 (USD)

Hardbound, ISBN 1-4020-2503-3

Table of Contents and Contributors

This volume aims to contribute to the use and understanding of isotope techniques in the application to palaeoclimate and palaeoenvironmental records. There are reviews of the principal stable isotope techniques used mostly in Quaternary research, but also over longer timescales. The first chapter deals with the interpretation of isotopes in precipitation and surface waters, and is followed by a series of chapters on stable isotope records from tree rings, bones, lake sediments, speleothems, and ice cores. We attempt to demonstrate that the isotope composition of the various materials can yield a wide range of useful palaeoclimate/environment information provided that there is a detailed knowledge of the processes that control and modify the signal, and often these processes must be determined. In some types of environments it may be possible to undertake a calibration exercise investigating the basic systematics of isotopic variation in the modern environment to establish the relationship between the measured signal and the isotopic composition of the host waters. The final chapter deals with isotope dating techniques - fundamental to any palaeoenvironmental study, and largely deals with the systematics but will also highlight limitations of the techniques, applications and future developments.


Chapter 1: Isotopes in water
W. George Darling, Adrian H. Bath, John J. Gibson, Kazimierz Rozanski

1. Introduction
2. Precipitation
3. Hydrology
4. Lakes
5. Dissolved carbon
6. Summary
Chapter 2: Isotopes in tree rings
Danny McCarroll and Neil J. Loader
1. Why trees? The advantages and limitations of trees as archives of palaeoenvironmental information
2. Fractionation of C, H and O by trees
3. Methodologies
4. Environmental signals
5. Examples of the use of carbon isotopes
6. Examples of the use of the water isotopes
7. Multi-proxy approaches
8. Future potential and challenges
Chapter 3: Isotopes in bones and teeth
Robert E.M. Hedges, and Rhiannon E. Stevens and Paul L. Koch

1. Introduction

2. Isotope incorporation into bone
3. Problems of diagenesis in bone
4. Isotope transport through foodchains
5. Relevance of foodchain transport to environmental issues


Chapter 4: Isotopes in lake sediments
Melanie J. Leng, Angela L. Lamb, Timothy H.E. Heaton, James D. Marshall, Brent B.Wolfe , Matthew D.Jones, Jonathan A. Holmes,  Carol Arrowsmith
1. Introduction
2. Oxygen isotope systematics
3. Inorganic carbon isotope systematics
4. Organic carbon and nitrogen in bulk sediments and compound specific carbon
5. Silicon isotope systematics
6. Summary  

Chapter 5: Isotopes in Speleothems
Frank McDermott, Henry Schwarcz, Peter J. Rowe

1. Introduction
2. Oxygen isotope systematics
3. Carbon isotope systematics
4. Recovery of meteoric isotope signals from speleothem fluid inclusions
5. Strontium and Uranium isotope systematics
6. Summary

Chapter 6: Isotopes in marine sediments
Mark A. Maslin, George E. A. Swan

1. Introduction
2. Oxygen isotopes in marine sediments
3. Carbon isotopes in marine sediments
4. Nitrogen isotopes in marine sediments
5. Silicon isotopes in marine sediments
6. Boron isotopes in marine sediments
7. Summary
8. References
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