Edited Books

International Approaches to Governing Ethnic Diversity
edited by Jane Boulden and Will Kymlicka
(Oxford University Press, 2015). (OUP Listing)

One of the most remarkable features of the post-Cold War period has been the upsurge of international involvement in questions of ethnic diversity. From the United Nations and the European Court of Human Rights to diverse international philanthropic and advocacy organizations, a wide range of international actors have adopted policies and principles for addressing questions of ethnic rights, identity, and conflict. International Approaches to Governing Ethnic Diversity explores whether and how these international actors contribute to the peaceful and democratic governance of ethnic diversity. It focuses on two broad areas of international work: the evolution of international legal norms regarding the rights of minorities and indigenous peoples, and international approaches to conflict and post-conflict development. The book charts new territory by mapping the range of international actors who affect the governance of ethnic diversity, and exploring their often contradictory roles and impacts. Most international actors come to questions of ethnic diversity indirectly and reluctantly, on the basis of widely varying mandates many of which were established to fulfill other objectives. They naturally therefore have different priorities and perspectives. And yet, the book identifies a striking convergence amongst international actors around discourses of diversity and equality, demonstrating the existence of an epistemic community where actors work within common vocabularies, discourses and principles that attempt to link human rights, pluralism, development and peace. Table of Contents and more...

Table of Contents

International Approaches to Governing Ethnic Diversity edited by Jane Boulden and Will Kymlicka
1: Jane Boulden and Will Kymlicka: Introduction
Part 1 International Legal Norms: Ethnic Diversity and International Human Rights
2: Lourdes Peroni: Minorities before the European Court of Human Rights: Democratic Pluralism Unfolded
3: Matthias Koenig: The governance of religious diversity at the European Court of Human Rights
4: Dimitry Kochenov: The European Union's Troublesome Minority Protection: A Bird-s Eye View
5: Ethel Tungohan: International Approaches to Governing Temporary Labour Migrants: A Critical Assessment of the UN Committee on Migrant Workers, the ILO Conventions on Labour Migration, and the International Migrants Alliance
6: Corinne Lennox: The Role of International Actors in Norm Emergence: Supporting Afro-Descendants' Rights in Latin America
Part 2: International Approaches to Conflict and Post-Conflict Development
7: Raffaele Marchetti and Nathalie Tocci: Trapped in the Liberal Peace: The EU's Approach to Peacebuilding via Civil Society
8: Elisabeth King: International Approaches to Governing Ethnic Diversity: Can Development Aid Be a Tool in this Toolkit?
9: Jane Boulden: The United Nations Security Council, Ethnicity and Ethnic Conflict
10: Neil MacFarlane: International Engagement and the Governance of Ethnic Diversity in Georgia
11: Susan Henders: Internationalized Minority Territorial Autonomy in Early Post-WWI Europe: The Limits and Possibilities of International Ethnic Diversity Governance

Criminal Law and Cultural Diversity
edited by Will Kymlicka, Claes Lernestedt and Matt Matravers
(Oxford University Press, 2014), 210 pp. (OUP listing).

The idea of a cultural defense in criminal law is often ridiculed as “multiculturalism run amok”. To allow someone charged with a crime to say “this is my culture” as an excuse for their action seems to open the door to cultural relativism, to jeopardize the protection of fundamental rights, and to undermine norms of individual responsibility. Many scholars, however, insist that cultural evidence is appropriate, indeed essential, for the fair operation of the criminal law. The criminal law is society’s most powerful tool for regulating behaviour, and just for that reason we apply strong safeguards to ensure that criminal sanctions are applied in a fair way. When it comes to individuals, we want our rules for judging responsibility and punishment to track the actual blameworthiness of the specific individual being prosecuted for a specific action in the past. Cultural evidence may help improve our judgements of individual blameworthiness and desert; indeed, cultural evidence might even be necessary if the practice of punishing individuals is to be legitimate and equitable. According to its proponents, the use of cultural evidence when judging individual blameworthiness is a natural extension of the logic of existing criminal law doctrines regarding defences, and of the logic of current philosophical theories of responsibility and agency. This volume brings together scholars of both criminal law and philosophy to rigorously assess these ideas. Each of the chapters addresses a different dimension of the issue, from a range of perspectives, with varying degrees of sympathy or scepticism regarding cultural defences. The result is an important and original contribution to the literature. It explores why cultural diversity raises distinctive challenges in the criminal law context, not found in other domains of the multiculturalism debate, while also exploring how this particular context raises fundamental issues of agency and responsibility that are at the heart of broader debates in legal, social and political philosophy. Table of Contents and more...

Table of Contents

"Criminal Law and Cultural Diversity" edited by Will Kymlicka, Claes Lernestedt and Matt Mattravers
1. Will Kymlicka, Claes Lernestedt and Matt Matravers: Introduction: Criminal Law and Cultural Diversity
2. Claes Lernestedt: Criminal Law and `Culture’
3. Nicola Lacey: Community, Culture and Criminalization
4. Kimmo Nuotio: Between Denial and Recognition: Criminal Law and Cultural Diversity
5. Matt Matravers: Responsibility, Morality, and Culture
6. Bhikhu Parekh: Cultural Defense and the Criminal Law
7. Ayelet Shachar: Family Matters: Is there Room for ‘Culture’ in the Courtroom?
8. Kent Greenawalt: The Cultural Defense: Reflections in Light of the Model Penal Code and the Religious Freedom Restoration Act
9. Alison Dundes Renteln: What Do We Have to Fear from the Cultural Defense?

Multiculturalism and Minority Rights in the Arab World
edited by Will Kymlicka and Eva Pföstl
(Oxford University Press, 2014), 295 pp. (OUP listing)

Since the Arab Spring, Arab states have become the new front line in the struggle for democratization and for open societies. As the experience of other regions has shown, one of the most significant challenges facing democratization relates to minority rights. This book explores how minority claims are framed and debated in the region, and in particular, how political actors draw upon, re-interpret or resist both the new global discourses of minority rights and more local traditions and practices of co-existence. The contributors examine a range of pre-colonial, colonial and post-colonial factors that shape contemporary minority politics in the Arab world, and that encumber the reception of international norms of multiculturalism. These factors include the contested legacies of Islamic doctrines of the `dhimmi’ and the Ottoman millet system, colonial-era divide and rule strategies, and post-colonial Arab nation-building. While these legacies complicate struggles for minority rights, they do not entail an `Arab exceptionalism’ to global trends to multiculturalism. This volume explores a number of openings for new more pluralistic conceptions of nationhood and citizenship, and suggests that minority politics at its best can serve as a vehicle for a more general transformative politics, supporting a broader culture of democracy and human rights, and challenging older authoritarian, clientalistic or patriarchal political tendencies. The chapters include both broad theoretical and historical perspectives as well as more focused case studies (including Western Sahara/Morocco, Algeria, Israel/Palestine; Sudan; United Arab Emirates and Iraq). Table of Contents and more...

Table of Contents

"Multiculturalism and Minority Rights in the Arab World" edited by Will Kymlicka and Eva Pföstl
Chapter 1: Will Kymlicka and Eva Pföstl, “Introduction”
PART 1: Theoretical and Historical Perspectives
Chapter 2: Janet Klein, “The Minority Question: A View from History and the Kurdish Periphery”
Chapter 3: Joshua Castellino and Kathleen Cavanaugh, “Transformations in the Middle East: The importance of the Minority Question”
Chapter 4: Zaid Eyadat, “Minorities in the Arab World: Faults, Fault-lines and Co-existence”
"Rooted Cosmopolitanism: Unpacking the Arguments" by Daniel Weinstock
Chapter 5: Francesca Maria Corrao and Sebastiano Maffettone, “Arab Minorities, Liberalism and Multiculturalism”
Part II: Case Studies
Chapter 6: Jacob Mundy, “Bringing the tribe back in? The Western Sahara Dispute, Ethno-history, and the Imagineering of Minority Conflicts in the Arab World”
Chapter 7: Eva Pföstl, “The Role of the Amazigh Movement in the Processes of Political Reform in Postcolonial Algerian Society”
Chapter 8: Nicholas McGeehan, “The Gulf’s Servant Class”
Chapter 9: Hassan Jabareen, “Hobbesian Citizenship: How the Palestinians Became a Minority in Israel”
Chapter 10: Brendan O’Leary, “The Federalization of Iraq and the Break-Up of Sudan”
Chapter 11: Joseph Yacoub, “How Does the Arab World Perceive Multiculturalism and Treat its Minorities? The Assyro-Chaldeans of Iraq as a Case Study”

Rooted Cosmopolitanism: Canada and the World
edited by Will Kymlicka and Kathy Walker
UBC Press, 2012, 239 pp.

Kymlicka, Walker, and the other contributors provide a useful interrogation of what cosmopolitanism signifies in a Canadian context. Their suggestion of the way that cosmopolitanism is integral to most ways of understanding what it means to be Canadian leads to a provocative re-examination of this particular form of patriotism.Canadian LiteratureThis volume examines the theory and practice of rooted cosmopolitanism, using Canada as a test case. Rooted cosmopolitanism is the view that our local roots our sense of attachment to particular places and communities - can help to facilitate and motivate cosmopolitan concerns for the well-being of distant strangers. This idea has a particular resonance in Canada, where it is a long-standing part of the national self-image that being a good Canadian includes being a good citizen of the world. Critics, however, argue that this self-image is mythical, and that love of country impedes people from fulfilling obligations of global justice. The essays in this volume explore the reality of rooted cosmopolitanism in Canada, examining how the sorts of local ties and identities that characterize contemporary Canadian society enable or impede cosmopolitan commitments in particular fields, such as immigration and refugee policy, multiculturalism, climate change, humanitarian intervention, and Quebec nationalism. Drawing upon a range of disciplines (political theory and philosophy, sociology, Canadian studies, and geography/environmental studies), the authors shed light on the nature and meaning of patriotism and national identity in Canada today, and its relationship to global commitments. The resulting analyses, written by some of the leading scholars in the field, provide original insight into the theory and practice of rooted cosmopolitanism in Canada, and the prospects for reconciling nationalism and cosmopolitanism in an increasingly globalized world. Table of Contents and more...

Table of Contents

"Rooted Cosmopolitanism: Canada and the World" by Will Kymlicka and Kathryn Walker
Part 1: The Theory of Rooted Cosmopolitanism
"Cosmopolitanism and Patriotism" by Kok-Chor Tan
"A Defence of Moderate Cosmopolitanism and/or Moderate Liberal Nationalism" by Patti Tamara Lenard and Margaret Moore
"Universality and Particularity in the National Question in Quebec" by Joseph-Yvon Theriault
"Rooted Cosmopolitanism: Unpacking the Arguments" by Daniel Weinstock
"We Are All Compatriots" by Charles Blattberg
Part 2: The Practice of Rooted Cosmopolitanism
"Cosmopolitanizing Cosmopolitanism? Cosmopolitan Claims Making, Interculturalism, and the Bouchard-Taylor Report" by Scott Schaffer
"A World of Strangers or a World of Relationships? The Value of Care Ethics in Migration Research and Policy" by Yasmeen Abu-Laban
"The Doctrine of the Responsibility to Protect: A Failed Expression of Canadian Rooted Cosmopolitanism" by Howard Adelman
"Climate Change and the Challenge of Canadian Global Citizenship" by Robert Paehlke

Identity Politics in the Public Realm: Bringing Institutions Back In
edited by Avigail Eisenberg and Will Kymlicka
UBC Press, 2011, 308 pp. (UBC Press Listing)

Eisenberg and Kymlicka have put together a collection that successfully brings together social scientists from different research backgrounds to offer an illuminating survey of the relationship between public institutions and identity politics. It is on this count that the book does an excellent job, and it should be consulted by normative theorists and other social scientistsJournal of Multilingual and Multicultural DevelopmentIn an age of multiculturalism and identity politics, many minority groups seek some form of official recognition or public accommodation of their identity. But can public institutions accurately recognize or accommodate something as subjective and dynamic as "identity?" Are there coherent standards and fair procedures for responding to identity claims? In this book, Avigail Eisenberg and Will Kymlicka lead a distinguished team of scholars who explore state responses to identity claims worldwide. Their case studies focus on key issues where identity is central to public policy -- such as the construction of census categories, interpretation of antidiscrimination norms, and assessment of indigenous rights -- and assess the influence of democratization on the capacity of institutions to respond to group claims. By illuminating both the risks and opportunities of institutional responses to diversity, this volume shows that public institutions can either enhance or distort the benefits of identity politics. Much depends on the agency of citizens and the ability of institutions to adapt to success and failure. Table of contents and more...

Table of Contents

1. Bringing Institutions Back In: How Public Institutions Assess Identity / Avigail Eisenberg and Will Kymlicka
2. The Challenge of Census Categorization in the Post--Civil Rights Era / Melissa Nobles
3. Knowledge and the Politics of Ethnic Identity and Belonging in Colonial and Postcolonial States / Bruce J. Berman
4. Defining Indigeneity: Representation and the Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act of 1997 in the Philippines / Villia Jefremovas and Padmapani L. Perez
5. Indigenous Rights in Latin America: How to Classify Afro-Descendants? / Juliet Hooker
6. Domestic and International Norms for Assessing Indigenous Identity / Avigail Eisenberg
7. The Challenge of Naming the Other in Latin America / Victor Armony
8. From Immigrants to Muslims: Shifting Categories of the French Model of Integration / Eléonore Lépinard
9. Beliefs and Religion: Categorizing Cultural Distinctions among East Asians / André Laliberté
10. Assessing Religious Identity in Law: Sincerity, Accommodation, and Harm / Lori G. Beaman
11. Reasonable Accommodations and the Subjective Conception of Freedom of Conscience and Religion / Jocelyn Maclure

The Broadview Anthology of Social and Political Thought
co-edited by Andrew Bailey, Samantha Brennan, Will Kymlicka, Jacob Levy, Alex Sager, and Clark Wolf.
Broadview Press, Peterborough, 2008, 2 vo. (Broadview Listing Vol. 1, Vol. 2)



This comprehensive [first] volume contains much of the important work in political and social philosophy from ancient times until the end of the nineteenth century. The anthology offers both depth and breadth in its selection of material by central figures, while also representing other currents of political thought. Thucydides, Seneca, and Cicero are included along with Plato and Aristotle; Al-Farabi, Marsilius of Padua, and de Pizan take their place alongside Augustine and Aquinas; Astell and Constant are presented in the company of Locke, Rousseau, and Wollstonecraft.

The second volume of this comprehensive anthology covers the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. The anthology is broad ranging both in its selection of material by figures traditionally acknowledged as being of central importance, and in the material it presents by a range of other figures. The material in this volume is presented in three sections. The first, "Power and the State," includes selections by such figures as Goldman, Lenin, Weber, Schmitt, and Hayek. Among those included in the "Race, Gender, and Colonialism" section are de Beauvoir, Gandhi, Fanon, and Young. The third and by far the longest section, "Rights-Based Liberalism and its Critics," focuses on the many interrelated directions that social and political philosophy has taken since the publication of John Rawls's ground-breaking A Theory of Justice in 1971.




The Politics of Reconciliation in Multicultural Societies
edited by Will Kymlicka and Bashir Bashir
Oxford University Press, 2008, 245 pp. (OUP Listing)

Most countries around the world exhibit a long history of exclusion and discrimination directed against ethnic, racial, national, religious, or ideological groups....an original and promising research agenda which, in line with the editors’ intention, should inspire scholars to further research into the relationship between reconciliation and democratic inclusion.Ulrike Theuerkauf, Nations and Nationalism

In addition to other qualities of this excellent volume, the real beauty of this book is its composite diversity of perspectives… I strongly recommend the book to all those interested in issues of politics of reconciliation and more broadly in questions of diversity, democracy, and resolution of conflicts in multicultural societies Dragan Stanievski, Administrative Theory & Praxis
The underlying justifications for these forms of exclusion have been increasingly discredited by the post-war human rights revolution, decolonization, and by contemporary norms of liberal-democratic constitutionalism, with their commitment to equal rights and non-discrimination. However, even as these older practices and ideologies of exclusion are discredited and repudiated, they continue to have enduring effects. The legacies of exclusion can still be seen in a wide range of social attitudes, cultural practices, economic and demographic patterns, and institutional rules that obstruct efforts to build genuinely inclusive societies of equal citizens. Finding ways to overcome this problem is a major challenge facing virtually every society around the world. This book focuses on two parallel intellectual and political movements that have arisen to address this challenge: the 'politics of reconciliation', with its focus on reparations, truth-telling and healing amongst former adversaries, and the 'politics of difference', with its focus on the recognition and empowerment of minorities in multicultural societies. Both the politics of reconciliation and the politics of difference are having a profound impact on the theory and practice of democracy around the world, but remarkably little has been written about the relationship between them. This book aims to fill that gap. Drawing on both theoretical analysis and case studies from around the world, the authors explore how the politics of reconciliation and the politics of difference often interact in mutually supportive ways, as reconciliation leads to more multicultural conceptions of citizenship. But there are also important ways in which the two may compete in their aims and methods. This book is the first attempt to systematically explore these areas of potential convergence and divergence. Table of contents and more...

Table of Contents

1. Will Kymlicka and Bashir Bashir, "Introduction"
2. Lawrie Balfour, "Against Reconciliation: Agonistic Democracy and the Politics of Reparations for Slavery"
3. Paul Muldoon, "The Very Basis of Civility: On Agonism and Reconciliation"
4. Bashir Bashir, "Reconciling Historically Excluded Social Groups: Deliberative Democracy and the Politics of Reconciliation"
5. Jonathan VanAntwerpen, "Secularizing Reconciliation"
6. Nadim Rouhana, "Reconciling History and Citizenship in Israel: the Politics of Historical Denial and Inclusive Citizenship?"
7. Sonali Thakkar, "The Politics of Ethnographic Display: History and Diversity in the Museum"
8. Eric Yamamoto, "Legislating Reconciliation"
9. Ruth Rubio-Marin, "Collective Reparations and Differentiated Citizenship"
10. Mark Walters, "Reconciliation and Indigenous Peoples"

The Globalization of Ethics: Religious and Secular Perspectives
edited by William M. Sullivan and Will Kymlicka
Cambridge University Press, 2007. 305 pp. (CUP Listing)

Sullivan and Kymlicka seek to provide an alternative to post-9/11 pessimism about the ability of serious ethical dialogue to resolve disagreements and conflict across national, religious, and cultural differences. It begins by acknowledging the gravity of the problem: on our tightly interconnected planet, entire populations look for moral guidance to a variety of religious and cultural traditions, and these often stiffen, rather than soften, opposing moral perceptions. This book is impressively conceived and beautifully organized June O’Connor, Journal of Ecumenical StudiesHow, then, to set minimal standards for the treatment of persons while developing moral bases for coexistence and cooperation across different ethical traditions? The Globalization of Ethics argues for a tempered optimism in approaching these questions. Its distinguished contributors report on some of the most globally influential traditions of ethical thought in order to identify the resources within each tradition for working toward consensus and accommodation among the ethical traditions that shape the contemporary world. Table of Contents and more...

Table of Contents

1. Will Kymlicka, "Introduction: The Globalization of Ethics"
2. Daniel Philpott, "Global Ethics and the International Law Tradition"
3. Michael Walzer, "Morality and Universality in Jewish Thought"
4. Max Stackhouse, "Globalization and Christian Ethics"
5. Peter Nosco, "Buddhism and the Globalization of Ethics"
6. Muhammad Khalid Masud, "Muslim Perspectives on Global Ethics"
7. Richard Madsen, "Confucianism: Ethical Uniformity and Diversity"
8. Mark Murphy, "Natural Law, Common Morality, and Particularism"
9. Chris Brown, "Liberalism and the Globalization of Ethics"
10. Kimberly Hutchings, "Feminist Perspectives on a Planetary Ethic"
11. William Sullivan, "Ethical Universalism and Particularism: A Comparison of Outlooks"

Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Recognition and Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies
edited by Keith Banting and Will Kymlicka
Oxford University Press, 2006, 424 pp. (OUP Listing)

In many Western democracies, ethnic and racial minorities have demanded, and sometimes achieved, greater recognition and accommodation of their identities. ...of great interest to ongoing philosophical debates surrounding recognition and redistribution…Fans of Kymlicka’s work will appreciate that this group share his gift for clarity and accessibility...Joshua Preiss, Ethics

The authors do what social scientists are meant to do: shoot down misconceptions and myths, propose hypotheses and provisional conclusions, while identifying questions for further research.Tony Fitzpatrick, Journal of Social Policy
This is reflected in the adoption of multiculturalism policies for immigrant groups, the acceptance of territorial autonomy and language rights for national minorities, and the recognition of land claims and self-government rights for indigenous peoples. These claims for recognition have been controversial, in part because of fears that they make it more difficult to sustain a robust welfare state by eroding the interpersonal trust, social solidarity and political coalitions that sustain redistribution. Are these fears of a conflict between a "politics of recognition" and a "politics of redistribution" valid? This volume is the first systematic attempt to empirically test this question, using both cross-national statistical analyses of the relationships among diversity policies, public attitudes and the welfare state, and case studies of the recognition/ redistribution linkage in the political coalitions in particular countries, including the United States, Britain, Canada, Netherlands, Germany, and in Latin America. These studies suggest that that there is no general or inherent tendency for recognition to undermine redistribution, and that the relationship between these two forms of politics can be supportive as well as competitive, depending on the context. These findings shed important light, not only on the nature and effects of multiculturalism, but also on wider debates about the social and political foundations of the welfare state, and indeed about our most basic concepts of citizenship and national identity. As a ground-breaking attempt to connect the literatures on multiculturalism and the welfare state, this volume will be of great interest to a wide range of scholars and practitioners who work on issues of ethnocultural diversity and social policy. Table of Contents and more...

Table of Contents

1. Keith Banting and Will Kymlicka, "Introduction: Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Setting the context"
Part I: Cross-national studies
2. Keith Banting, Richard Johnston, Will Kymlicka, and Stuart Soroka, "Do Multiculturalism policies erode the welfare state? An empirical analysis"
3. Markus Crepaz, "'If you are my brother, I may give you a dime!' Public opinion on multiculturalism, trust, and the welfare state"
Part II: Case studies
4. Rodney E. Hero and Robert R. Preuhs, "Multiculturalism and welfare policies in the US states: A state-level comparative analysis"
5. Geoffrey Evans, "Is multiculturalism eroding support for welfare provision? The British case"
6. Han Entzinger, "The parallel decline of multiculturalism and the welfare state in the Netherlands"
7. Peter A. Kraus and Karen Schönwälder, "Multiculturalism in Germany: Rhetoric, scattered experiments, and future chances"
8. Matt James, "Do campaigns for historical redress erode the Canadian welfare state?"
9. Nicola McEwen, "Does the recognition of national minorities undermine the welfare state?"
10. Donna Lee Van Cott, "Multiculturalism versus neoliberalism in Latin America"
11. Willem Assies, "Neoliberalism and the re-emergence of ethnopolitics in Bolivia"
Part III: Theoretical reflections
12. David Miller, "Multiculturalism and the welfare state: Theoretical reflections"
13. John Myles and Sébastien St.-Arnaud, "Population diversity, multiculturalism, and the welfare state: Should welfare state theory be revised?"

Multiculturalism in Asia
edited by Will Kymlicka and Baogang He
Oxford University Press, 2005, 376 pp. (OUP Listing)

This volume explores the different ways that ethnic and religious diversity is conceptualized and debated in South and East Asia. In the first few decades following decolonization, talk of multiculturalism and pluralism was discouraged, as states attempted to consolidate themselves as unitary and homogenizing nation-states. Today, however, it is widely recognized that states in the region must come to terms with the enduring reality of ethnic and religious cleavages, and find new ways of accommodating and respecting diversity. As a result, many countries are now debating policies to accommodate minorities, including recognition of indigenous rights, minority language rights, consociational power-sharing, regional autonomy, and multination federalism. ...an articulate, thought-provoking look at one of the most ethnoculturally diverse regions of the world...Rachel Chung, Ethnic Conflict

...illuminating for normative political theorists, for students of comparative ethnicity and nationalism, and for specialists in Asian societies, cultures and statecrafts...John R. Clammer, Pacific Affairs
This is often described as a key ingredient in any process of democratization in the region. One manifestation of this new ethos is the growing rhetoric of 'multiculturalism', often imported from the West. And indeed Western models of minority rights have had an influence in many Asian countries, often promoted by international organizations. However, Asian societies also have their own traditions of peaceful coexistence amongst linguistic and religious groups. All of the major ethical and religious traditions in the region - from Confucian and Buddhist to Islamic and Hindu - have their own conceptions of tolerance, and their own recipes for sustaining unity amidst diversity. These traditions continue to shape people's beliefs and practices in the region. Even the distinctive conception of Marxism developed in the region provides an influential perspective on these issues not found in the West. The rhetoric of 'multiculturalism' may be ubiquitous around the world, but it is being used to express quite different ideas and norms. Using both case studies and thematic essays, this volume examines the pre-colonial traditions, colonial legacies, and post-colonial ideologies that influence contemporary debates on multiculturalism in the region. It explores the areas of convergence and divergence between these different perspectives, and the extent to which they provide viable frameworks for managing ethnic and religious diversity in the region. Table of Contents and more...

Table of Contents

1. Will Kymlicka and Baogang He, "Introduction"
2. Will Kymlicka, "The Global Diffusion of Liberal Multiculturalism"
3. Vatthana Pholsena, "A Liberal Model of Minority Rights for an Illiberal Multi-ethnic State? The Case of Laos"
4. Daniel Bell and Nicola Piper, "National Citizenship and Migrant Workers in East Asia"
5. Peng Er Lam, "At the Margins of a Liberal-Democratic State and Illiberal Society: Ethnic Minorities in Japan"
6. John Bowen, "Region, Religion and Ethnicity in Indonesia"
7. Mika Toyota, "The Paradox of Recognition: The Case of 'Hill Tribes' in Thailand"
8. N. Ganesan, "Ethnic Accommodation in Malaysia"
9. Chua Beng Huat, "The Cost of Membership in Ascribed Community: The Singapore Model"
10. Rohan Edrisinha, "Multination Federalism and Minority Rights in Sri Lanka"
11. Gurpreet Mahajan, "Indian Exceptionalism or Indian Model? Negotiating Cultural Diversity and Minority Rights in a Democratic Nation-State"
12. Alam Smith, "Burma/Myanmar: Struggle for Democracy and Ethnic Rights"
13. Baogang He, "Minority Rights with Chinese Characteristics"

Ethnicity and Democracy in Africa
edited by Bruce Berman, Dickson Eyoh, and Will Kymlicka
James Currey Publishers and Ohio University Press, 2004, 352 pp. (Ohio Listing)

The politics of identity and ethnicity are resurgent. Civil society, whose revival was much vaunted, was riven by communal tensions particularly of ethnicity and religion. The contributors address questions such as: Why is ethnicity a political problem? How is the problem manifested? Which institutional models offer ways of ameliorating the challenges that ethnicity poses to democratic nation-building? Table of Contents and more...





Table of Contents

1. Bruce Berman, Dickson Eyoh and Will Kymlicka, "Introduction"
2. Peter Ekeh, "Individuals' Basic Security Needs and the Limits of Democratization in Africa"
3. Bruce Berman, "Ethnicity, Bureaucracy and Democracy: The Politics of Trust"
4. Will Kymlicka, "Nation-Building and Minority Rights: Comparing Africa and the West"
5. John Lonsdale, "Moral and Political Arguments in Kenya"
6. Dickson Eyoh, "Contesting Local Citizenship: Liberalization and the Politics of Difference in Cameroon"
7. Cheryl Hendricks, "The Burdens of the Past and Challenges of the Present: Coloured Identity and the `Rainbow Nation'
8. Jacqueline Solway, "Reaching the Limits of Universal Citizenship: 'Minority' Struggles in Botswana"
9. Toyin Falola, "Ethnicity and Nigerian Politics: The Past in the Yoruba Present"
10. E.S. Atieno Odhiambo, "Hegemonic Enterprises and Instrumentalities of Survival: Ethnicity and Democracy in Kenya"
11. Shula Marks, 'The Dog that did not Bark or Why Natal did not Take Off: Ethnicity and Democracy in South Africa - the case of Kwazulu Natal"
12. Githu Muigai, "Jomo Kenyatta and the Birth of the Ethnonationalist State in Kenya"
13. Mamadou Diouf, "Between Ethnic Memories and Colonial History in Senegal: The MFDC and the Struggle for the Independence in Casamance"
14. Bogumil Jewsiewicki and Leonard N'Sanda Buleli, "Ethnicities as `First Nations' of the Congolese Nation-State: Some Preliminary Observations"
15. Raufu Mustapha, "Ethnicity and the Politics of Democratization in Nigeria"
16. Richard Simeon and Christina Murray, "Multi-Level Governance in South Africa"
17. John Boye Ejobowah, "Liberal Multiculturalism and the Problems of Institutional Instability"
18. Bruce Berman, Dickson Eyoh and Will Kymlicka, "Conclusion"

Language Rights and Political Theory
edited by Will Kymlicka and Alan Patten
Oxford University Press, 2003, 364 pp. (OUP Listing)

Disputes over language policy are a persistent feature of the political life of many states around the world. Multilingual countries in the West such as Belgium, Spain, Switzerland and Canada have long histories of conflict over language rights. In many countries in Eastern Europe and the Third World, efforts to construct common institutions and a shared identity have been severely complicated by linguistic diversity. Indigenous languages around the world are in danger of disappearing. Even in the United States, where English is widely accepted as the language of public life, the linguistic rights of Spanish-speakers are hotly-contested. ...likely to become a key reference in both teaching and scholarly debate...Daryl Glaser, Ethnopolitics

Anyone presently interested in working on language right in political theory should begin here...a masterful survey of the field...Chandran Kukathas, Perspectives on Politics
Not surprisingly, therefore, political theorists have started to examine questions of language policy, and how they relate to broader issues of democracy, justice and rights. This volume provides the reader with an up-to-date overview of the emerging debates over the role of language rights and linguistic diversity within political theory. It brings together many of the leading political theorists who work in the field, together with some of the most important social scientists, with the aim of exploring how political theorists can conceptualize issues of language rights and contribute to public debates on language policy. Questions of language policy are not only of enormous political importance in many countries, but also help to illuminate some of the most important debates in contemporary political theory, including questions of citizenship, deliberative democracy, nationalism, multiculturalism, identity politics, group rights, the liberal-communitarian debate, and so on. The thirteen essays in this volume highlight both the empirical constraints and normative complexities of language policy, and identify the important challenges and opportunities that linguistic diversity raises for contemporary political theory. Table of Contents and more...

Table of Contents

1. Alan Patten and Will Kymlicka, "Introduction: Language Rights and Political Theory: Context, Issues, and Approaches"
2. Ruth Rubio-Marín, "Language Rights: Exploring the Competing Rationales"
3. David D. Laitin and Rob Reich, "A Liberal Democratic Approach to Language Justice"
4. Thomas Pogge, "Accommodation Rights for Hispanics in the U.S."
5. Stephen May, "Misconceiving Minority Language Rights: Implications for Liberal Political Theory"
6. Philippe Van Parijs, "Linguistic Justice"
7. Francois Grin, "Diversity as Paradigm, Analytical Device, and Policy Goal"
8. Idil Boran, "Global Linguistic Diversity, Public Goods, and the Principle of Fairness"
9. Michael Blake, "Language Death and Liberal Politics"
10. Jacob T. Levy, "Language Rights, Literacy, and the Modern State"
11. Daniel M. Weinstock, "The Antinomy of Language Policy"
12. Denise G. Réaume, "Beyond Personality: The Territorial and Personal Principles of Language Policy Reconsidered"
13. Alan Patten, "What Kind of Bilingualism?"

Can Liberal Pluralism be Exported? Western Political Theory and Ethnic Relations in Eastern Europe
edited by Will Kymlicka and Magda Opalski
Oxford University Press, 2002, 458 pp. (OUP Listing)
Translated into: Serbian, Italian, Romanian.

Many post-communist countries in Central/Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union are being encouraged and indeed pressured by...an extremely important book...Stefan Wolff, Ethnopolitics

…an exciting venture in the field of applying normative ideas to an often refractory and complex social reality...John Schwartzmantel, Nations and Nationalism
Western countries to improve their treatment of ethnic and national minorities, and to adopt Western models of minority rights. But what are these Western models, and will they work in Eastern Europe? In the first half of this volume, Will Kymlicka describes a model of 'liberal pluralism' which has gradually emerged in most Western democracies, and discusses what would be involved in adopting it in Eastern Europe. This is followed by 15 commentaries from people actively involved in minority rights issues in the region, as practitioners or academics, and by Kymlicka's reply. This volume will be of interest to anyone concerned with ethnic conflict in Eastern Europe, and with the more general question of whether Western liberal values can or should be promoted in the rest of the world. Table of Contents and more...

Table of Contents

Will Kymlicka and Magda Opalski, "Introduction"
Part 1. Western Political Theory and Ethnic Relations in Eastern Europe
Will Kymlicka
Part 2: Commentaries
1. George Schopflin, "Liberal Pluralism and Post-Communism"
2. Ursula Doroszewska, "Rethinking the State and National Security in Eastern Europe"
3. Tibor Varady, "On the Chances of Ethnocultural Justice in East-Central Europe"
4. Michael Walzer, "Nation-States and Immigrant Societies"
5. Boris Tsilevich, "New Democracies in the Old World"
6. Alexander Ossipov, "Some Doubts about `Ethnocultural Justice?"
7. Panayote Dimitras and Nafsika Papanikolatos, "Reflections on Minority Rights Politics for East Central European Countries"
8. Pal Kolsto, "Territorial Autonomy as a Minority Rights Regime in Post-Communist Countries"
9. Janos Kis, "Nation-Building and Beyond"
10. Pavel Barsa, "Ethnocultural Justice in East European States and the Case of the Czech Roma"
11. Vello Pettai, "Definitions and Discourse: Applying Kymlicka?s Models to Estonia and Latvia"
12. Gabriel Andreescu, "Universal Thought, Eastern Facts: Scrutinizing National Minority Rights in Romania"
13. Vladimir Fesenko, "Perspectives on a Liberal-Pluralist Approach to Ethnic Minorities in Ukraine"
14. Magda Opalski, "Can Liberal Nationalities Policy be Implemented in Post-Soviet Russia?"
15. Alexander Djumaev, "Nation-Building, Culture and Problems of Ethnocultural Identity in Central Asia: The Case of Uzbekistan"
Part 3. Reply and Conclusion
Will Kymlicka

Alternative Conceptions of Civil Society
edited and introduced by Simone Chambers and Will Kymlicka
Princeton University Press, 2002, 272 pp. (Princeton Listing)

The idea of civil society has long been central to the Western...perhaps more than ever before there is a need for dialogue between the plurality of ethical traditions, both religious and secular. This book is a fine starting point for that dialogue...Brett Bowden, Australiam Journal of Political Science

...without exception the essays are eloquently written, interesting and thought-provoking… an engaging and stimulating collection...Shaun Young, Canadian Journal of Political Science
liberal-democratic tradition, where it has been seen as a crucial site for the development and pursuit of basic liberal values such as individual freedom, social pluralism, and democratic citizenship. This book considers how a host of other ethical traditions define civil society. Unlike most studies of the subject, which focus on a particular region or tradition, it considers a range of ethical traditions rarely addressed in one volume: libertarianism, critical theory, feminism, liberal egalitarianism, natural law, Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Confucianism. It considers the extent to which these traditions agree or disagree on how to define civil society's limits and how to evaluate its benefits and harms. An excellent starting point for a comparative ethics of civil society, this book concludes that while the concept of civil society originated in the liberal tradition, it is quickly becoming an important focus for a truly cross-cultural dialogue. In addition to the editors, the contributors are Michael Banner, Hasan Hanafi, Loren E. Lomasky, Richard Madsen, Michael A. Mosher, Michael Pakaluk, Anne Phillips, Adam B. Seligman, Suzanne Last Stone, and Michael Walzer. Table of contents and more...

Table of Contents

Simone Chambers and Will Kymlicka, "Introduction"
Part I
Chapter 1: Civil Society as Idea and Ideal by Adam B. Seligman
Chapter 2: Equality and Civil Society by Michael Walzer
Chapter 3: Classical Liberalism and Civil Society by Loren E. Lomasky
Part II
Chapter 4: Does Feminism Need a Conception of Civil Society by Anne Phillips
Chapter 5: A Critical Theory of Civil Society by Simone Chambers
Part III
Chapter 6: Christianity and Civil Society by Michael Banner
Chapter 7: Natural Law and Civil Society by Michael Pakaluk
Part IV
Chapter 8: The Jewish Tradition and Civil Society by Suzanne Last Stone
Chapter 9: Alternative Conceptions of Civil Society: A Reflective Islamic Approach by Hanson Hanafi
Chapter 10: Confucian Conceptions of Civil Society by Richard Madsen
Part V
Chapter 11: Conclusion: Are Civil Societies the Transmission Belts of Ethical Tradition? by Michael A. Mosher

Citizenship in Diverse Societies
edited by Will Kymlicka and Wayne Norman
Oxford University Press, 2000 456 pp. (OUP Listing)

Is it possible, in a modern, pluralistic society, to promote common bonds of citizenship while at the same time accommodating ...excellent collection…fourteen essays written by some of the best and most thought-provoking writers on this subject...Philip Parvin, Political Studies

...this high-quality collection should be read by anyone interested in the issue of multicultural citizenship...David Miller, American Political Science Review
and showing respect for ethnocultural diversity? 'Citizenship' and 'diversity' have been two of the major topics of debate in both democratic politics and political theory over the past decade. Much has been written about the importance of citizenship, civic identities, and civic virtues for the functioning of liberal democracies, and the need to accommodate the ethnocultural, linguistic, and religious pluralism that is a fact of life in most modern states. By and large, however, these two topics have been largely discussed in mutual isolation. Much of the writing on the issues of both citizenship and diversity remains rather abstract and general and disconnected from the specific issues of public policy and institutional design. Citizenship in Diverse Societies examines the specific points of conflict and convergence between concerns for citizenship and diversity in democratic societies and reassesses and refines existing theories of 'diverse citizenship' by examining these theories in the light of actual practices and policies of pluralistic democracies. Table of Contents and more...

Table of Contents

1. Will Kymlicka and Wayne Norman, "Citizenship in Diverse Societies: an Introduction"
Part I: Citizenship Education and Religious Diversity
2. Eamonn Callan, "Discrimination and Religious Schooling"
3. Jeff Spinner-Halev, "Extending Diversity: Religion in Public and Private Education"
Part II: Political Participation and Group Representation
4. Jane Mansbridge, "What Does a Representative Do? Descriptive Representation in Communicative Settings of Distrust, Uncrystallized Interests, and Historically Denigrated Status"
5. Melissa Williams, "The Uneasy Alliance of Deliberative Democracy and Group Representation"
Part III: Immigration, Identity and Multiculturalism
6. Jeremy Waldron, "Cultural Identity and Civic Responsibility"
7. Tariq Modood, "Anti-Essentialism, Multiculturalism and the Recognition of Religious Groups"
Part IV: Gender and Ethnic Diversity
8. Ayelet Shachar, "Should Church and State be Joined at the Altar: Women's Rights and the Multicultural Dilemma"
9. Sawitri Saharso, "Female Autonomy and Cultural Imperative: Two Hearts Beating Together"
Part V: Language Rights
10. Denise Réaume, "Official Language Rights: Intrinsic Value and the Protection of Difference"
11. Pierre Coulombe, "Citizenship and Official Bilingualism in Canada"
Part VI: The Rights of Indigenous Peoples
12. Jacob Levy, "Three Modes of Incorporating Indigenous Law"
13. John Borrows, "Landed Citizenship: Narratives of Aboriginal Political Participation"
Part VII: Federalism and Nationalism
14. Graham Smith, "Sustainable Federalism, Democratisation and Distributive Justice"
15. Rainer Baubock, "Why Stay Together: A Pluralist Approach to Secession and Federation"

NOMOS 39: Ethnicity and Group Rights
edited by Ian Shapiro and Will Kymlicka
New York University Press, 1997, 640 pp.

Within Western political philosophy, the rights of groupsI still greet each new NOMOS volume with delight, and this one met its promise...Karen Rothkin, Social Theory and Practice

Cases pro and con are made with force, subtlety and clarity.... a timely and important contribution...John King, Law and Politics Book Review
has often been neglected or addressed in only the narrowest fashion. Focusing solely on whether rights are exercised by individuals or groups misses what lies at the heart of ethnocultural conflict, leaving the crucial question unanswered: can the familiar system of common citizenship rights within liberal democracies sufficiently accommodate the legitimate interests of ethnic citizens. Specifically, how does membership in an ethnic group differ from other groups, such as professional, lifestyle, or advocacy groups? How important is ethnicity to personal identity and self-respect, and does accommodating these interests require more than standard citizenship rights? Crucially, what forms of ethnocultural accommodations are consistent with democratic equality, individual freedom, and political stability? Invoking numerous cases studies and addressing the issue of ethnicity from a range of perspectives, Ethnicity and Group Rights seeks to answer these questions. Table of Contents and more...

Table of Contents

Part 1: Meanings of Ethnicity and Group Rights
1. Will Kymlicka and Ian Shapiro, "Introduction"
2. Jacob T. Levy, "Classifying Cultural Rights"
Part 2: The Idea of Toleration
3. Chandran Kukathas, "Cultural Toleration"
4. Michael Walzer, "Response to Kukathas"
5. Adeno Addis, "On Human Diversity and the Limits of Toleration"
6. Graham Walker, "The Idea of Nonliberal Constitutionalism"
Part 3: The Normative Status of Ethnicity
7. Thomas Pogge, "Group Rights and Ethnicity"
8. S. James Anaya, "On Justifying Special Ethnic Groups Rights: Comments on Pogge"
Part 4: Group Rights and Group Agency
9. James W. Nickel, "Group Agency and Group Rights"
10. Denise G. Réaume, "Common-Law Constructions of Group Autonomy: A Case Study"
11. Nomi Maya Stolzenberg, "A Tale of Two Villages (Or, Legal Realism Comes to Town)"
Part 5: Group Representation
12. Iris Marion Young, "Deferring Group Representation"
13. Andrew Stark, "What is a Balanced Committee? Democratic Theory, Public Law, and the Question of Fair Representation on Quasi-Legislative Bodies"
Part 6: Dynamics of Inclusion and Exclusion
14. Donald L. Horowitz, "Self-Determination: Politics, Philosophy and Law"
15. Deborah Kaspin, "Tribes, Regions, and Nationalism in Democratic Malawi"
16. Courtney Jung and Jeremy Seekings, "'That Time Was Apartheid, Now It's the New South Africa': Discourses of Race in Ruyterwacht, 1995"
17. John Kane, "From Ethnic Exclusion to Ethnic Diversity: The Australian Path to Multiculturalism"
18. Cathy J. Cohen, "Straight Gay Politics: The Limits of an Ethnic Model of Inclusion"

The Rights of Minority Cultures
edited by Will Kymlicka
Oxford University Press, 1995, 400 pp. (OUP Listing)

This volume collects together the most important contemporary articles on the rights of minority cultures. ...an essential resource...Tariq Modood, Political Quarterly

...a brilliant examination of the diverse issues involving ethnocultural and multicultural groups in our Western democracies...Subhas Ramcharan, Canadian Public Policy
While drawing on particular case studies, the articles focus on the more general theoretical and normative issues raised by the accommodation of cultural differences. The authors represented in this volume come from a variety of countries and disciplines, and reflect a wide range of opinion. The book explores the nature and value of cultural membership, models of cultural pluralism, individual and group rights, minority representation, immigration, and secession. A new and substantial essay by Will Kymlicka outlines the major issues and perspectives raised in the articles, and places them in the context of contemporary debates in political theory. The volume also includes a guide to further reading for students and researchers working in the field. Compiled by the leading political philosopher of his generation, Will Kymlicka's Rights of Minority Cultures will be of great interest to scholars of political theory, political philosophy, policy studies, ethnic studies, and law. Table of Contents and more...

Table of Contents

1. Will Kymlicka, "Introduction"
I. Historical Background
2. Vernon Van Dyke, "The Individual, the State, and Ethnic Communities in Political Theory
3. Ephraim Nimni, "Marx, Engels, and the National Question"
II. Cultural Membership
4. Avishai Margalit & Joseph Raz, "National Self-Determination"
5. Jeremy Waldron, "Minority Cultures and the Cosmopolitan Alternative"
III. Forms of Cultural Pluralism
6. Nathan Glazer, "Individual Rights and Group Rights"
7. Michael Walzer, "Pluralism: A Political Perspective"
8. Iris Marion Young, "Together in Difference: Trasforming the Logic of Group Political Conflict"
IV. Individual Rights and Group Rights
9. Darlene M. Johnston, "Native Rights as Collective Rights: A Question of Group Self-Preservation"
10. Michael Hartney, "Some Confusions Concerning Collective Rights"
11. Chandran Kukathas, "Are There Any Collective Rights?"
12. Leslie Green, "Internal Minorities and Their Rights"
V. Minority Cultures in Democratic Theory
13. Arend Lijphart, "Self-Determination versus Pre-Determination" of Ethnic Minorities in Power-Sharing Systems"
14. Anne Phillips, "Democracy and Difference: Some Problems for Feminist Theory"
VI. Controversies
15. Bhikhu Parekh, "The Rushdie Affair: Research Agenda for Political Philosophy"
16. S. James Anaya, The Capacity of International Law to Advance Ethnic or Nationality Rights Claims"
17. Joseph H. Carens, "Aliens as Citizens: The Case for Open Borders"
18. Allen Buchanan, "The Morality of Secession"

Justice in Political Philosophy
edited by Will Kymlicka
Edward Elgar Publishing, 1992, 2vo., 1280 pp. (Edward Elgar Listing)

Justice in Political Philosophy focuses in particular on the wide range of positions and debates which have emerged since the publication of John Rawls’s A Theory of Justice in 1971. Each view is presented through a representative selection of the major articles by both its proponents and critics. The schools covered include utilitarianism, liberal egalitarianism, libertarianism and their Marxist, communitarian and feminist critics. The authors represented include such influential figures as Rawls, Nozick, Dworkin, Cohen, Gauthier, Harsanyi, Barry, Sandel, MacIntyre, Gilligan and Mackinnon. The editor's introduction explores the interrelations between these diverse theories and shows how there are considerable convergences as well as disagreements in the contemporary debates over justice.


Will Kymlicka, 2016