Pomeranian Background Set
The pomeranian is named for Pomerania, which was once a German state. They are the smallest of the Spitz family of dogs, related to such other breeds as the Siberian Husky and Norwegian Elkhound.
The ideal size for the pomeranian varies from country to country. Generally, the ideal weight is 1.75-3 kg (4-6.5 lbs), but in Canada, it is 3-7 lbs.
The Pomeranian has a "double" coat, like its northern cousins. This means that the outer coat is harsh and consists of "guard hairs", and it also has a thick, shorter, fluffy "undercoat", very like the fur coat of a wild animal. It should be brushed daily but only bathed a few times a year unless it gets dirty. The outer coat should repel dirt fairly well.
The coat comes in all solid colours, such as brown, white, and black, as well as parti-coloured.
Queen Victoria was largely responsible for the popularity of the breed in England, but Marie Antoinette and the Empress Josephine also owned them. Queen Victoria's preference for the smaller dogs resulted in the trend to breed for small size.
The Pomeranian makes a good apartment dog, and doesn't require a lot of exercise. They will give a warning bark. Special care should be taken to make sure their eyes are kept clean. They are prone to a few hereditary problems; hip dysplasia and patella luxation (dislocation of the kneecap) being the most common. As with all breeds, check out the health records of the parents before buying.
last updated feb 25, 2000 by Strawberry