Papers in refereed journals


Here is our refereed publications, listed chronologically. Papers in the works and nonrefereed articles appear below.

77. Hargreaves, A.L., K.E. Samis and C.G. Eckert. 2013. Are species' range limits simply niche limits writ large? American Naturalist, accepted pending revision 4 February 2013.

76. Dart, S. and C.G. Eckert. 2013. Experimental and genetic analyses reveal that inbreeding depression declines with increased self-fertilization among populations of a coastal dune plant. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, accepted 13 November 2012.

75. Dart, S. and C.G. Eckert. 2013 Experimental manipulation of flowers to determine the functional modes and fitness consequences of self-fertilization: unexpected outcome reveals key assumptions. Functional Ecology, accepted 20 November 2012.

74. Boag, A.E. and C.G. Eckert. 2013. The effect of host abundance on the distribution and impact of biocontrol agents on purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria, Lythraceae). Ecosience, accepted 4 December 2012.

73. Button, L., A. Lopez-Villalobos, S.R. Dart & C.G. Eckert. 2012. Reduced petal size and color associated with transitions from outcrossing to self-fertilization in Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia (Onagraceae). International Journal of Plant Sciences 173: 251–260.

72. Dart, S.R., K.E. Samis, E. Austen & C.G. Eckert. 2012. Broad geographic covariation between floral traits and the mating system in Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia (Onagraceae): multiple stable mixed mating systems across the species’ range? Annals of Botany 109: 599–611.

71. Winn, A.A., E. Elle, S. Kalisz, P.O. Cheptou, C.G. Eckert, C. Goodwillie, M.O. Johnston, D.A. Moeller, R.H. Ree, R.D. Sargent, M. Vallejo-Marin. 2011. Analysis of inbreeding depression in mixed-mating plants provides evidence for selective interference and stable mixed mating. Evolution 65: 3339–3359.

70. Eckert, C.G., S. Kalisz, M. Geber, C., R.D. Sargent, E. Elle, P.O. Cheptou, C. Goodwillie, M.O. Johnston, J.K. Kelly, D.A. Moeller, E. Porcher, R.H. Ree, M. Vallejo-Marin, A.A. Winn. 2010. Plant mating systems in a changing world. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 25: 35–43.

69. Colautti, R., C.G. Eckert & S.C.H. Barrett. 2010. Evolutionary constraints on adaptive evolution during range expansion in an invasive plant. Submitted to Proceedings of the Royal Society, London, Series B 277: 1799–1806.

68. Kenneth D. Whitney, K.D., E.J. Baack, J.L. Hamrick, M.W. Godt, B.C. Barringer, M.D. Bennett, C.G. Eckert, C. Goodwillie, S. Kalisz I.J. Leitch & J. Ross-Ibarra. 2010. A role for nonadaptive processes in plant genome size evolution? Evolution 64: 2097–2109.

67. Goodwillie, C., R.D. Sargent, C.G. Eckert, E. Elle, M.A. Geber, M.O. Johnston, S. Kalisz, D.A. Moeller, R.H. Ree, M. Vallejo-Marin, A.A. Winn. 2010. Correlated evolution of mating system and floral display traits in flowering plants and its implications for the distribution of mating system variation. New Phytologist 85: 311–321.

66. Samis, K.E. and C.G. Eckert. 2009. Ecological correlates of fitness across the northern geographic range limit of a pacific coast dune plant. Ecology 90: 3051–3061.

65. Eckert, C.G., B. Ozimec, C.R. Herlihy, C.A. Griffin & M.B. Routley. 2009. Floral morphology mediates temporal variation in the mating system of a self-compatible plant. Ecology 90: 1540–1458.

64. Emery, V., J-F. Landry & C.G. Eckert. 2009. Combining DNA barcoding and morphological analysis to identify specialist floral parasites (Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae: Momphinae: Mompha). Molecular Ecology Resources 9 (suppl 1): 217–223. (invited submission for special symposium issue)

63. Porcher, E., J.K. Kelly, P-O. Cheptou, C.G. Eckert, M.O. Johnston and S. Kalisz. 2009. The genetic consequences of fluctuating inbreeding depression and the evolution of plant selfing rates. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22: 708–717.

62. Johnston, M.O., E. Porcher, P-O. Cheptou, C.G. Eckert, E. Elle, M.A. Geber, S. Kalisz, J.K. Kelly, D.A. Moeller, M. Vallejo-Marín & A.A. Winn. 2009. Correlations among fertility components can maintain mixed mating in plants. American Naturalist 173: 1–11.

61. Yakimowski, S.B. & C.G. Eckert. 2008. Populations do not become less genetically diverse or more genetically differentiated towards the northern limit of the geographical range in clonal Vaccinium stamineum (Ericaceae). New Phytologist 180: 534–554.

60. Eckert, C.G., K.E. Samis & S.C. Lougheed. 2008. Genetic variation across species’ geographic ranges: the central-marginal hypothesis and beyond. Molecular Ecology 17: 1170-1188.

59. Darling, E., K.E. Samis & C.G. Eckert. 2008. Increased seed dispersal potential towards geographic range limits in a Pacific coast dune plant. New Phytologist 178: 424-435.  Read Monica Geber's commentary on this paper

58. Barrett, S.C.H., R.I. Colautti & C.G. Eckert. 2008. Reproductive systems and evolutionary change during biological invasion in plants. Molecular Ecology, 17: 373-383.

57. Montague, J.L., S.C.H. Barrett & C.G. Eckert. 2008. Re-establishment of clinal variation in flowering time among introduced populations of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria, Lythraceae). Journal of Evolutionary Biology 21: 234-245.

56. Herlihy, C.R. & C.G. Eckert. 2007. Evolutionary analysis of a key floral trait and its effect on the mating system in Aquilegia canadensis (Ranunculaceae). Evolution 61: 1661-1674.

55. Samis, K.E. & C.G. Eckert. 2007. Testing the abundant center model using range-wide demographic surveys of two coastal dune plants. Ecology 88: 1747-1758.

54. Hamilton, J.A. & C.G. Eckert. 2007. Population genetic consequences of geographic disjunction: a prairie plant isolated on Great Lakes alvars. Molecular Ecology 16: 1649-1660.

53. Yakimowski, S.B. & C.G. Eckert. 2007. Threatened Peripheral Populations in Context: Geographical Variation in Population Frequency, Size and Sexual Reproduction in a Clonal Woody Shrub, Vaccinium stamineum (Ericaceae). Conservation Biology 21: 811-822.

52. Eckert C.G., K.E. Samis & S. Dart. 2006. Reproductive assurance and the evolution of uniparental reproduction in flowering plants. In L.D. Harder & S.C.H. Barrett (eds) The Ecology and Evolution of Flowers. pp. 183–203. Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K.

51. Kliber, A. & C.G. Eckert. 2005. Interaction between founder effect and selection during biological invasion in a clonal aquatic plant. Evolution 59: 1900-1913.

50. Goodwillie, C., S Kalisz & C.G. Eckert. 2005. The evolutionary enigma of mixed mating systems in plants: Occurrence, theoretical explanations and empirical evidence. Annual Review of Ecology Evolution & Systematics 36:47-79.

49. Herlihy, C.R. & C.G. Eckert. 2005. Evolution of self-fertilization at geographical range margins? A comparison of demographic, floral and mating system variables in central versus peripheral populations of Aquilegia canadensis (Ranunculaceae). American Journal of Botany 92:744-751.

48. Yakimowski, S.B., H.A. Hager & C.G. Eckert. 2005. Limits and impacts of invasion by the non-indigenous plant Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife): a seed bank analysis. Biological Invasions 7:687-698.

47. Lui, K., F.L. Thompson & C.G. Eckert. 2005. Causes and consequences of extreme variation in reproductive strategy among invasive populations of a clonal aquatic plant, Butomus umbellatus (Butomaceae). Biological Invasions 7: 427-444.

46. Brown, J.S. & C.G. Eckert. 2005. Evolutionary increase in sexual and clonal reproductive capacity during biological invasion in an aquatic plant, Butomus umbellatus (Butomaceae). American Journal of Botany 92:495-502.

45. Yang, J.Y., B.A. Counterman, C.G. Eckert & S.A. Hodges. 2005. Cross-specific amplification of microsatellite loci in Aquilegia and Semiaquilegia (Ranunculaceae). Molecular Ecology Notes 5:317-320.

44. Herlihy, C.R. & C.G. Eckert. 2004. Experimental dissection of inbreeding and its adaptive significance in a flowering plant, Aquilegia canadensis (Ranunculaceae). Evolution 58:2693-2703.

43. Dorken, M.E., Neville, K.J. & C.G. Eckert. 2004. Evolutionary vestigialization of sex in a clonal plant: selection versus neutral mutation in geographically peripheral populations. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 271: 2375 - 2380.

42. Eckert, C.G. & C.R. Herlihy. 2004. Using a cost-benefit approach to understanding the evolution of self-fertilization in plants: the perplexing case of Aquilegia canadensis (Ranunculaceae). Plant Species Biology 19: 159-173.

41. Thompson, F.L. & C.G. Eckert. 2004. Trade-offs between sexual and clonal reproduction in an aquatic plant: experimental manipulations versus phenotypic correlations. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 17: 581-592.

40. Kliber, A. & C.G. Eckert. 2004. Sequential decline in allocation among flowers within inflorescences: proximate mechanisms and adaptive significance. Ecology 85: 1675-1687.

39. Griffin, C.A.M. & C.G. Eckert. 2003. Experimental analysis of biparental inbreeding in a self-fertilizing plant. Evolution 57: 1513-1519.

38. Eckert, C.G., Lui, K., K. Bronson, P. Corradini & A. Bruneau. 2003. Population genetic consequences of extreme variation in sexual and clonal reproduction in an aquatic plant. Molecular Ecology 12: 331-344.

37. Herlihy, C.R. & C.G. Eckert. 2002. Genetic cost of reproductive assurance in a self-fertilizing plant. Nature 416:320-323.

36. Eckert, C.G. 2002. The loss of sex in clonal plants. Evolutionary Ecology 15: 501-520.

35. Eckert, C.G. 2002. Effect of geographic variation in pollinator fauna on the mating system of Decodon verticillatus (Lythraceae). International Journal of Plant Science 163: 123-132.

34. Bhardwaj, M. & C.G. Eckert. 2001 Functional analysis of synchronous dichogamy in flowering rush, Butomus umbellatus (Butomaceae). American Journal of Botany 88: 2204-2213.

33. Mavraganis, K. & C.G. Eckert. 2001. Effect of population size and isolation on reproductive output in Aquilegia canadensis (Ranunculaceae).Oikos 95: 300-310.

32. Dorken, M.E. & C.G. Eckert. 2001. Severely reduced sexual reproduction in northern populations of a clonal plant, Decodon verticillatus (Lythraceae). Journal of Ecology 89: 339-350.

31. O'Connell, L.M. & C.G. Eckert. 2001. Differentiation in reproductive strategy between sexual and asexual Antennaria parlinii (Asteraceae). Evolutionary Ecology Research 3: 311-330.

30. Griffin, S.R., K. Mavraganis & C.G. Eckert. 2000. Experimental analysis of protogyny in Aquilegia canadensis (Ranunculaceae). American Journal of Botany 87: 1246-1256.

29. Eckert, C.G. 2000. Contributions of autogamy and geitonogamy to self-fertilization in a mass-flowering, clonal plant. Ecology, 81: 532-542.

28. Eckert, C.G., B. Massonnet & J.J. Thomas. 2000. Variation in sexual reproduction among introduced populations of flowering rush, Butomus umbellatus (Butomaceae). Canadian Journal of Botany 78: 437-446.

27. Eckert, C.G., M.E. Dorken & S.A. Mitchell. 1999. Loss of sex in clonal populations of a flowering plant, Decodon verticillatus (Lythraceae). Evolution 53: 1079-1092.

26. Eckert, C.G. 1999. Clonal plant research: proliferation, integration but not much evolution. American Journal of Botany 86: 1649-1654.

25. Weatherhead, P.J., K.W. Dufour, S.C. Lougheed & C.G. Eckert. 1999. A test of the good-genes-as-heterozygosity hypothesis using red-winged blackbirds. Behavioural Ecology 6: 619-625.

24. Routley, M.B., K. Mavraganis & C.G. Eckert. 1999 Effect of population size on the mating system in a self-compatible autogamous plant, Aquilegia canadensis (Ranunculaceae). Heredity, 82: 518-528.

23. O'Connell, L.M. & C.G. Eckert. 1999. Differentiation in sexuality among populations of Antennaria parlinii (Asteraceae). International Journal of Plant Sciences 160: 567-575.

22. Eckert, C. G. & A. Schaefer. 1998. Does self-pollination provide reproductive assurance in wild columbine, Aquilegia canadensis (Ranunculaceae)? American Journal of Botany 85: 919-924.

21. Brunet, J. & C.G. Eckert. 1998. Effect of floral morphology and display on outcrossing in blue columbine, Aquilegia caerulea (Ranunculaceae). Functional Ecology 12: 596-606.

20. Eckert, C. G. & M. Allen. 1997. Cryptic self-incompatibility in tristylous Decodon verticillatus (Lythraceae). American Journal of Botany 84: 1391-1397.

19. Eckert, C.G., D. Manicacci & S.C.H. Barrett. 1996. Frequency-dependent selection on style morph ratios in tristylous Lythrum salicaria (Lythraceae). Heredity 77: 581-588.

18. Eckert, C.G. & K. Mavraganis. 1996. Evolutionary consequences of extensive morph loss in tristylous Decodon verticillatus (Lythraceae): a shift from tristyly to distyly? American Journal of Botany 83: 1024-1032.

17. Eckert, C.G., D. Manicacci & S.C.H. Barrett. 1996. Genetic drift and founder effect in native versus introduced populations of an invading plant, Lythrum salicaria (Lythraceae). Evolution 50: 1512-1519.

16. Eckert, C. G. & S. C. H. Barrett. 1995. Style morph ratios in tristylous Decodon verticillatus (Lythraceae): selection versus historical contingency. Ecology 76: 1051-1066.

15. Eckert, C.G. & S.C.H. Barrett. 1994. Inbreeding depression in partially self-fertilizing Decodon verticillatus (Lythraceae): Population genetic and experimental analyses. Evolution 48: 952-964.

14. Eckert, C.G. & S.C.H. Barrett. 1994. Post-pollination mechanisms and the maintenance of outcrossing in self-compatible Decodon verticillatus (Lythraceae). Heredity 72: 396-411.

13. Eckert, C.G. & S.C.H. Barrett. 1994. Floral variation, self-compatibility and tristyly in Decodon verticillatus (L.) Ell. (Lythraceae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 53: 1-30.

12. Eckert, C.G. & S.C.H. Barrett. 1993. The inheritance of tristyly in Decodon verticillatus. Heredity 71: 473-480.

11. Eckert, C.G. & S.C.H. Barrett. 1993. Clonal reproduction and patterns of genotypic diversity in Decodon verticillatus (Lythraceae). American Journal of Botany 80:1175-1182

10. Barrett, S.C.H., C.G. Eckert & B.C. Husband. 1993. Evolutionary processes in aquatic plant populations. Aquatic Botany 44: 105-145.

9. Eckert, C.G. & S.C.H. Barrett. 1992. Stochastic loss of style morphs from populations of tristylous Lythrum salicaria and Decodon verticillatus. Evolution, 46: 1014-1029.

8. Weatherhead, P.J., D.J. Hoysak, K.J. Metz & C.G. Eckert. 1991. A retrospective analysis of red-band effects on red-winged blackbirds. The Condor 93: 1013-1016.

7. Barrett, S.C.H. & C.G. Eckert. 1990. Variation and evolution of mating systems in seed plants. In S. Kawano (ed.) Biological Approaches and Evolutionary Trends in Plants. pp. 229-254. Academic Press, London, U.K.

6. Barrett, S.C.H. & C.G. Eckert. 1990. Current issues in plant reproductive ecology. Israel Journal of Botany 39: 5-12.

5. Eckert, C.G. & P.J. Weatherhead. 1987. Competition for territories in red-winged blackbirds: Is resource-holding potential realized? Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 20: 369-375.

4. Eckert, C.G. & P.J. Weatherhead. 1987. Ideal dominance distributions: A test using red-winged blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus). Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 20: 43-52.

3. Eckert, C.G. & P.J. Weatherhead. 1987. Male characteristics, parental quality and the study of mate choice in the red-winged blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus). Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 20: 35-42.

2. Eckert, C.G. & P.J. Weatherhead. 1987. Owners, floaters and competitive asymmetries among territorial red-winged blackbirds. Animal Behaviour 35: 1317-1323.

1. Reid, M.L., C.G. Eckert & K.E. Muma. 1986. Booming odontocetes and deaf cephalopods: Putting the cart before the horse. American Naturalist 128: 438-439.


"Other" Publications

Some nonrefereed contributions...


Eckert, C.G. 1997. Plants in Behavioural Ecology: a botanist's perspective. International Society for Behavioural Ecology Newsletter 9: 7-9.

Eckert, C.G. 1996. Review of "Plant Invasions: General Aspects and Special Problems by P. Pysek, K. Prach, M. Rejmánek & M. Wade (eds.)" Plant Science Bulletin 42 (3): 84-85.

Eckert, C.G. 1994. Review of "Practical Protein Electrophoresis for Genetic Research by G. Acquaah" Plant Science Bulletin 40: 58-59.

Eckert, C.G. 1993. Inbreeding depression and the evolutionary advantage of outbreeding. In C.A. Goldman (ed.) Proceedings of the 15th Annual Workshop/Conference of the Association for Biology Laboratory Education (ABLE) 15: 215-238. [See version on the web]

Eckert, C.G. 1987. Common Game Animals of Ontario. Wildlife Branch, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.


last updated: March 23, 2013
© Christopher G. Eckert