The Friesen Lab Queens The Friesen Lab
Oceanodroma castro


Colston-Nepali, L.*, A. Tigano*, B. Boyle and V. Friesen. 2019. Hybridization does not currently pose conservation concerns to murres in the Atlantic. Conservation Genetics 20: 1465-1470.

Leigh, D.M.*, A.P. Hendry, E. Vásquez-Domínguez and V.L. Friesen. 2019. Estimated six percent loss of genetic variation in wild populations since the industrial revolution. Evolutionary Applications, 12: 1505-1512

Sauve, D.*, G. Divoky and V.L. Friesen. 2019. Phenotypic plasticity or evolutionary change? An examination of the phenological response of an Arctic seabird to climate change. Functional Ecology 33: 2180-2190

Sauve, D.*, A. Patirana*, J.W. Chardine and V.L. Friesen. 2019. Mitochondrial DNA reveals genetic structure within the Atlantic but not Pacific populations of a holarctic seabird, the Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla. Marine Ornithology 47: 199-208.

Taylor, R.S.*, M. Bolton, A. Beard, T. Birt, P. Deane-Coe*, A.F. Raine, J. González-Solís, S.C. Lougheed and V.L. Friesen. 2019. Cryptic species and independent origins of allochronic populations within a seabird species complex (Hydrobates spp.). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 139: 106552

Tigano, A.*, T.K. Reiertsen, J.R. Walter and V.L. Friesen. 2019. A complex copy number variant underlies differences in both colour plumage and cold adaptation in a dimorphic seabird. BioRxiv.

Rodríguez, A. et al. 2019. Future directions in conservation research on petrels and shearwaters. Frontiers in Marine Science 6:94.

Taylor, S.A.*, M. Jenkins*, M. Manghani*, T.P. Birt*, D.J. Anderson, G. Jiménez-Uzcátegui and V.L. Friesen. 2018. Genetic distinctiveness of brown pelicans (Pelecanus occidentalis) from the Galápagos Islands compared to continental North America. Conservation Genetics 19:629-636.

Taylor, R.S.*, A. Bailie*, P. Gulavita*, T.P. Birt*, T. Aarvak, T. Anker-Nilssen, D.C. Barton, K. Lindquist, Y. Bedolla-Guzmán, P. Quillfeldt and V.L. Friesen. 2018. Sympatric population divergence within a highly pelagic seabird species complex (Hydrobates spp.). Journal of Avian Biology 49: e01515.

Tigano, A.*, T.B. Sackton and V.L. Friesen 2018. Assembly and RNA-free annotation of highly heterozygous genomes: The case of the thick-billed murre (Uria lomvia). Molecular Ecology Resources 18:79-90.

Taylor, R.S.* and V.L. Friesen. 2017. The role of allochrony in speciation. Invited review. Molecular Ecology 26:3330-3342.

Tigano, A.*, A.J. Shultz, S.V. Edwards, G.J Robertson and V.L. Friesen. 2017. Outlier analyses to test for local adaptation to breeding grounds in a migratory arctic seabird. Ecology and Evolution 7:2370-2381.

Iglesias-Vasquez, A.*, B. Gangloff, S. Ruault, C. Ribout, D. Priddel, N. Carlile, V.L. Friesen, A. Cibois and V. Bretagnolle. 2017. Population expansion, current and past gene flow in Gould’s petrel: implications for conservation. Conservation Genetics 18:105-115.

Wallace, S.J.*, J.A Morris-Pocock*, J. Gonzalez-Solis, P. Quillfeldt and V.L. Friesen. 2017. A phylogenetic test of sympatric speciation: a species tree for the Hydrobatinae (Aves: Procellariiformes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 107:39-47.

Morris-Pocock, J.A.*, D.J. Anderson and V.L. Friesen. 2016. Biogeographic barriers to dispersal and rare gene flow shape population genetic structure in red-footed boobies. Journal of Biogeography 43:2125-2135.

Silva, M.F., A.L. Smith*, V.L. Friesen, J. Bried, O. Hasegawa, M.M. Coelho and M.C. Silva. 2016. Mechanisms of diversification in the marine species Madeiran Storm-petrel Oceanodroma castro and Monteiro’s Storm-petrel O. monteiroi: Insights from a multilocus approach. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 98:314-323.

Tigano, A.* and V.L. Friesen. 2016. Genomics of local adaptation with gene flow. Invited review. Molecular Ecology 25:2144-2164.

Wojczulanis-Jakubas, K., A. Kilikowska, J. Fort, M. Gavrilo, D. Jakubas, V.L. Friesen. 2015. No evidence of divergence at neutral genetic markers between the two morphologically different subspecies of the most numerous Arctic seabird. Ibis 157:787-797.

Friesen, V.L . 2015. Speciation in seabirds: why are there so many species....and why aren’t there more? Journal of Ornithology 156:S27-S39.

Tigano, A.*, M. Damus*, T.P. Birt*, J. A. Morris-Pocock*, Y.B. Artukhin and V.L. Friesen. 2015. The Arctic: Glacial refiugum or area of secondary contact? Inference from the population genetic structure of the thick-billed murre (Uria lomvia), with implications for management. Journal of Heredity 2015:238-246.

Lavoie, R.A.*, T.K. Kyser, V.L. Friesen and L.M. Campbell. 2015. Tracking overwintering areas of fish-eating birds to identify mercury exposure. Environmental Science and Technology 49:863-872.

Wallace, S.J.*, S.G. Wolfe, R.W. Bradley, A.L. Harvey and V.L. Friesen. 2015. The influence of biogeographical barriers on the population genetic structure and gene flow in a coastal seabird. Journal of Biogeography 42:390-400.

Boutilier, S., S.A. Taylor, J.A. Morris-Pocock, R. Lavoie and V.L. Friesen. 2014. Population genetic differentiation of the Caspian tern (Hydroprogne caspia) in North America. Conservation Genetics 15: 275-281.

Burg, T.M., S.A. Taylor, K.D. Lemmen, A.J. Gaston and V.L. Friesen. 2014. Postglacial population genetic differentiation potentially facilitated by a flexible migratory strategy in Golden-crowned Kinglets (Regulus satrapa). Canadian Journal of Zoology 92: 163-172.

Vasquez-Carrillo, C., V. Friesen, L. Hall and M.Z. Peery. 2014. Variation in MHC Class II B genes in marbled murrelets: implications for delineating conservation units. Animal Conservation 17:244-255.

Deane, P.E., K.D. McCoy, R.J. Robertson, T.P. Birt and V.L. Friesen. 2013. Minimal genetic structure in the cerulean warbler despite evidence for ecological differentiation among populations. Condor 115:178-185.

Taylor, S.A., J.A. Morris-Pocock, B.R. Tershy, J.A. Castillo-Guerrero and V.L. Friesen. 2013. Genetic evidence for hybridization between brown (Sula leucogaster) and blue-footed (S. nebouxii) boobies in the Gulf of Mexico. Marine Ornithology 41:113-119.

Taylor, S.A., D.J. Anderson and V.L. Friesen. 2013. Evidence for asymmetrical gene flow of nuclear loci, but not mitochondrial loci, between a seabird species pair. PLoS ONE 8: e62256.

Jeyasingham, W., S.A. Taylor, C.B. Zavalaga, A. Simeone and V.L. Friesen. 2013. Specialization to cold water upwellings facilitates gene flow in seabirds: additional evidence from the Peruvian pelican, Pelecanus thagus (Aves: Pelecanidae). Journal of Avian Biology 44:297-304.

Birt, T.P., H.R. Carter, D.L. Whitworth, A. McDonald, S.H. Newman, F. Gress, E. Palacios, J.S. Koepke and V.L. Friesen. 2012. Range-wide population genetic structure of the Xantus’s murrelet (Synthliboramphus hypoleucus). Auk 129:44-55.

Deane, P.E., K.D. McCoy, R.J. Robertson, T.P. Birt and V.L. Friesen. 2012. Minimal genetic structure in the cerulean warbler despite evidence for ecological differentiation among populations. Condor115:178-185.

Lait, L.A., V.L. Friesen, A.J. Gaston and T.M. Burg. 2012. The post-Pleistocene population genetic structure of a western North American passerine: the chestnut-backed chickadee (Poecile rufescens). J. Avian Biol.43:541-552.

Morris-Pocock, J.A., J.C. Hennicke and V.L. Friesen. 2012. Effects of long-term isolation on genetic variation and within-island population genetic structure in Christmas Island (Indian Ocean) seabirds. Cons. Gen.13:1469-1481.

Taylor, S.A., D.J. Anderson, C.B. Zavalaga and V.L. Friesen. 2012. Evidence for strong assortative mating, limited gene flow, and strong differentiation across the blue-footed booby/Peruvian booby hybrid zone in northern Peru. J. Avian Biol. 43: 311-324.

Taylor, S.A. and V.L. Friesen. 2012. Use of molecular genetics for understanding seabird evolution, ecology and conservation. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 451:285-304.

Taylor, S.A., A. Patirana, T.P. Birt and V.L. Friesen. 2012. Cryptic introgression between murre sister species (Uria spp.) in the Pacific low Arctic: frequency, cause, and implications. Polar Biol. 35:931-940.

Birt, T. P., D. Mackinnon, J. F. Piatt, and V. L. Friesen. 2011. Genetic differentiation of the Kittlitz’s murrelet Brachyramphus brevirostris in the Aleutian islands and Gulf of Alaska . Mar. Ornith. 39: 39–45.

Ibarguchi, G., A.J. Gaston and V.L. Friesen. 2011. Philopatry, morphological divergence, and kin groups: structuring in thick-billed murres (Uria lomvia, Alcidae) within a colony in Arctic Canada. J. Avian Biol. 42:134-150.

Morris-Pocock, J.A., D. J . Anderson and V. L. Friesen. 2011. Mechanisms of global diversification in the brown booby (Sula leucogaster) revealed by uniting statistical phylogeographic and multilocus phylogenetic methods. Mol. Ecol. 20:2835-2850.

Patterson, S. A., J. A. Morris-Pocock and V. L. Friesen. 2011. A multilocus phylogeny of the Sulidae (Aves: Pelecaniformes). Mol. Phylogen. Evol. 58: 181–191.

Taylor, S.A., L. Maclagan, D.J. Anderson and V.L. Friesen. 2011. Could specialization to cold water upwelling systems influence gene flow and population differentiation in marine organisms? A case study using the blue-footed booby, Sula nebouxii. J. Biogeog. 38:883-893.

Taylor, S.A., C.B. Zavalaga, G. Luna-Jorquera, A. Simeone, D.J. Anderson and V.L. Friesen. 2011. Panmixia and high genetic diversity in a Humboldt Current endemic, the Peruvian booby (Sula variegata). J. Ornithol. 152:623-630.

Taylor, S. A., Zavalaga, C. B., Friesen, V. L. 2010. Hybridization between blue-footed (Sula nebouxii) and Peruvian (S. variegata) boobies in northern Peru. Waterbirds 33: 251-257.

Morris-Pocock, J. A., Taylor, S. A., Birt, T., Friesen, V. L. 2010. Concerted evolution of duplicated mitochondrial control regions in three related seabird species. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 10:14.

Morris-Pocock J.A. , Steeves T.E., Estelea F., Anderson D.J.,  Friesen V.L. 2010. Comparative phylogeography of brown (Sula leucogaster) and red-footed boobies (S. sula): the influence of physical barriers and habitat preference on gene flow in pelagic seabirds. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 54: 883-896.

Molecular Ecology Resources Primer Development Consortium (Morris-Pocock J. A., Taylor S. A., Sun, Z., Friesen, V. L.). 2010. Isolation and characterization of 15 microsatellite loci for red-footed (Sula sula), blue-footed (S. nebouxii) and Peruvian (S. variegata) boobies. Molecular Ecology Resources 10: 404-408. 

Taylor , S. A., Morris-Pocock, J. A., Sun, Z., Friesen, V. L. 2010. Isolation and characterization of 10 microsatellite loci in blue-footed (Sula nebouxii) and Peruvian boobies (Sula variegata). Journal of Ornithology 151: 525-528. 

Zavalaga, C. B., Taylor, S. A., Dell’Omo, G., Anderson, D. J., Friesen, V. L. 2009. Male/female classification of the Peruvian booby. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 121: 739-744. 

Bolton, M., A.L. Smith*, E.E. Gómez-Díaz*, V.L. Friesen, R. Medeiros, J. Bried, J.L. Roscales and R.W. Furness. 2008. Monteiro’s Storm-petrel Oceanodroma monteiroi: a new species from the Azores. Ibis 150:717-727.

Morris-Pocock, J.A.*, S.A. Taylor*, T.P. Birt, M. Damus*, J.F. Piatt, K.I. Warheit and V.L. Friesen. 2008. Population genetic structure in Atlantic and Pacific Ocean common murres (Uria aalge): Natural replicate tests of post-Pleistocene evolution. Molecular Ecology 17:4859-4873.

Sun, Z., E.E. Gómez-Díaz*, A. Bailie* and V.L. Friesen. 2008. Isolation and characterization of microsatellite loci for storm-petrels. Molecular Ecology Resources, in press. Friesen, V.L. 2007. New roles for molecular genetics in understanding seabird evolution, ecology and conservation. Marine Ornithology, in press.

Friesen, V.L., A.L. Smith, E. Gómez-Díaz, M. Bolton, R.W. Furness, J. González-Solís & L. Monteiro. 2007. Sympatric speciation by allochrony in a seabird. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, in press.

Brown, J.W., P.J. van Coeverden de Groot, T.P. Birt, G. Seutin, P.T. Boag & V.L. Friesen. 2007. Appraisal of the consequences of the DDT-induced bottleneck on the level and distribution of neutral genetic variation in Canadian peregrine falcons, Falco peregrinus. Mol. Ecol. 16:327-343.

Friesen, V.L., T.M. Burg & K. McCoy. 2007. Mechanisms of population differentiation in seabirds. Mol. Ecol. 16: 1765-1785.

Smith, A.L. & V.L. Friesen2007. Differentiation of sympatric populations of the band-rumped storm-petrel in the Galapagos Islands: an examination of genetics, morphology, and vocalizations. Mol. Ecol. 16:1593-1603.

Smith, A.L., L. Monteiro, O. Hasegawa & V.L. Friesen. 2007. Global phylogeography of the band-rumped storm-petrel (Oceanodroma castro; Procellariiformes: Hydrobatidae).  Mol. Phylogen. Evol. 43:755-773.

Vallender, R., R.J. Robertson, V.L. Friesen & I. Lovette. 2007. Complex hybridization dynamics between golden-winged and blue-winged warblers (Vermivora chrysoptera and V. pinus) revealed by AFLP, microsatellite, intron and mtDNA markers. Mol. Ecol. 16:2017-2029.

Vallender, R., V.L. Friesen & R.J. Robertson. 2007. Paternity and performance golden-winged warblers (Vermivora chrysoptera) and golden-winged X blue-winged warbler (V. pinus) hybrids at the leading edge of a hybrid zone. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 61:1797-1807.

Burg, T.M., A.J. Gaston, K. Winker & V.L. Friesen. 2006. Effects of Pleistocene glaciers on population structure of North American chestnut-backed chickadees. Mol. Ecol. 15:2409-2419.

Friesen, V.L., J.A. González & F. Cruz-Delgado. 2006. Population genetic structure and conservation of the Galápagos petrel (Pterodroma phaeopygia). Cons. Gen. 7:105-115.

Garner, S., T.P. Birt, C.M. Mlewa, J.M. Green, A. Seifert & V.L. Friesen. 2006. Genetic variation in marbled lungfish (Protopterus aethiopicus) in Lake Victoria and introduction to Lake Baringo, Kenya. J. Fish Biol. 69 Suppl. B:189-199.

Ibarguchi, G., V.L. Friesen & S.C. Lougheed. 2006. Defeating numts: semi-pure mitochondrial DNA from eggs and simple purification methods for field-collected wildlife tissues. Genome 49:1438-1450.

Burg, T.M., A.J. Gaston, K. Winker & V.L. Friesen. 2005. Rapid divergence and post-glacial colonization in Steller's jays (Cyanocitta stelleri). Mol. Ecol. 14:3745-3755.

Friesen, V.L., T.P. Birt, J.F. Piatt, R.T. Golightly, S.H. Newman, P.N. Hébert and G. Gissing. 2005. Population genetic structure in marbled murrelets (Brachyramphus marmoratus), and the delineation of ‘distinct population segments’ for conservation. Cons. Gen. 6:607-613.

Jones, J., C.E. Gibb, S.C. Millard, J.J. Barg, M.K. Girvan, M.L. Veit, V.L. Friesen and R.J. Robertson. 2005. Multiple selection pressures generate adherence to Bergmann's rule in a Neotropical migratory songbird. J. Biogeog.32: 1827-1833.

Riffault, L., K.D. McCoy, C. Tirard, V.L. Friesen & T. Boulinier. 2005. Population genetics of the common guillemot Uria aalge in the North Atlantic: assessing the geographic impact of oil spills. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 291:263-273.

Steeves, T.E., D.J. Anderson & V.L. Friesen. 2005. The Isthmus of Panama: a major physical barrier to gene flow in a highly mobile pantropical seabird. J. Evol. Biol. 18:1000-1008.

Steeves, T.E., D.J. Anderson & V.L. Friesen. 2005. A role for non-physical barriers to gene flow in the diversification of a highly vagile seabird, the masked booby (Sula dactylatra). Mol. Ecol. 14: 3877-3887.

Veit, M.L., R.J. Robertson, P.B. Hamel & V.L. Friesen. 2005. Population genetic structure and dispersal across a fragmented landscape in cerulean warblers (Dendroica cerulea). Cons. Gen. 6:159-174.

Walsh, H.W., I.L. Jones & V.L. Friesen. 2005. A test of founder effect speciation using multiple loci in the auklets (Aethia spp.). Genetics 171:1885-1894.

Ibarguchi, G., G.J. Gissing, A.J. Gaston, P.T. Boag & V.L. Friesen. 2004. Male-biased mutation rates and the overestimation of extra-pair paternity: problem, solution, and illustration using thick-billed murres (Uria lomvia, Alcidae). J. Hered. 95: 209-216.

Holder, K., R. Montgomerie & V.L. Friesen. 2004. Genetic diversity and management of Nearctic rock ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus). Can. J. Zool. 82:564-575.

McShane, C. & 15 others. 2004. Evaluation report for the 5-year status review of the marbled murrelet in Washington, Oregon, and California. EDAW Associates. 356 pp.

Friesen, V.L. & J. F Piatt. 2003. A genetic study to aid in restoration of murres, guillemots and murrelets to the Gulf of Alaska. Restoration Project Final Report, Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council, Anchorage. 132 pp.

May, E. & V.L. Friesen (eds.). 2003. Proceedings of People and the Planet: Changing Values for a Sustainable Future. Sierra Club of Canada. 82 pp.

Steeves, T.E., D.J. Anderson, H. McNally, M. Kim & V.L. Friesen. 2003. Phylogeography of Sula: the role of physical barriers to gene flow in the diversification of tropical seabirds. J. Av. Biol. 34:217-223.

Walsh, H.E. & V.L. Friesen. 2003. Patterns of molecular variation at mitochondrial, neutral nuclear, and MHC loci in least and crested auklets (Aethia spp.). J. Mol. Evol. 57:681-693.

Friesen, V.L., D.J. Anderson, T.E. Steeves, H. Jones & E.A. Schreiber. 2002. Molecular support for species status of the Nazca Booby. Auk 119:820-826.

Patirana, A., S. Hatch & V.L. Friesen. 2002. Population genetics and conservation of the red-legged kittiwake Rissa brevirostrisCons. Gen. 3:335-340.

Pearce, R.L., J.J. Wood, Y. Artukhin, T.P. Birt, M. Damus & V.L. Friesen. 2002. Mitochondrial DNA suggests high trans-Pacific gene flow in ancient murrelets. Condor 104:84-91.

Pacheco, N.M. & V.L. Friesen. 2002. An investigation of hybridization in Brachyramphus murrelets using nuclear introns. Cons. Gen. 3:175-182.

Edwards, S.E., M.C. daSilva, T. Burg, V.L. Friesen & K.I. Warheit. 2001. Molecular genetic markers in the analysis of seabird bycatch populations. Pp. 115-140 in E.F. Melvin & J.K. Parrish (eds.), Seabird Bycatch. University of Alaska Sea Grant.

Walsh, H.E. & V.L. Friesen. 2001. Power and stochasticity in the resolution of soft polytomies. Evolution 55:1264-1266.

Congdon, B.C., J.F. Piatt, K. Martin & V.L. Friesen. 2000. Rapid population expansion and peripheral isolation in marbled murrelets: historical vs contemporary evolutionary processes. Evolution 54: 974-986.

Friesen, V.L. 2000. Introns. Pp. 274-290 in A. J. Baker (ed.), Molecular Methods in Ecology. Blackwell, Oxford.

Holder, K., R. Montgomerie & V.L. Friesen. 2000. Glacial vicariance and historical biogeography of rock ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus) in the Bering Region. Molecular Ecology  9:1265-1278.

Ibarguchi, G., T.P. Birt, K.I. Warheit,  P.T. Boag & V.L. Friesen. 2000. Microsatellite loci from common and thick-billed murres, Uria aalge and U. lomviaMolecular Ecology 9:629-644.

Friesen, V.L., B.C. Congdon, M.G. Kidd & T.P. Birt. 1999. PCR primers for the amplification of five nuclear introns in vertebrates. Molecular Ecology 8:2147-2149.

Holder, K., R. Montgomerie, & V.L. Friesen. 1999. A test of the glacial refugium hypothesis using patterns of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequence variation in rock ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus). Evolution 53:1936-1950.

Walsh, H.E., M.G. Kidd, T. Moum & V.L. Friesen. 1999. Polytomies and the power of phylogenetic inference: a test of mechanisms of speciation in the auklets (Charadriiformes: Alcidae). Evolution 53:932-937.

Kidd, M.G. & V.L. Friesen. 1998. Patterns of control region variation in populations of Cepphus guillemots: testing microevolutionary hypotheses. Evolution 52:1158-1168.

Kidd, M.G. & V.L. Friesen. 1998. Sequence variation in the guillemot (Cepphus spp.) mitochondrial control region and its nuclear homolog. Molecular Biology and Evolution 15:61-70.

Friesen, V.L. 1997. Population genetics and the spatial scale of conservation of colonial waterbirds. Colonial Waterbirds 20:353-368.

Friesen, V.L. & D.J. Anderson. 1997. Phylogeny and evolution of the Sulidae: A test of alternative modes of speciation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 7:252-260.

Friesen, V.L., B.C. Congdon, H.E. Walsh & T.P. Birt. 1997. Intron variation in marbled murrelets detected using analyses of single-stranded conformational polymorphisms. Molecular Ecology 6:1047-1058.

Friesen, V.L., A.J. Baker & J.F. Piatt. 1996. Phylogenetic relationships within the Alcidae (Charadriiformes: Aves) inferred using total molecular evidence. Molecular Biology and Evolution 13: 359-367.

Friesen, V.L., J.F. Piatt & A.J. Baker. 1996. Evidence from cytochrome b sequences and allozymes for a 'new' species of alcid, the long-billed murrelet (Brachyramphus perdix). Condor 98:681-690.

Friesen, V.L., W.A. Montevecchi, A.J. Baker, R.T. Barrett & W.S. Davidson. 1996. Population differentiation and evolution in the common guillemot (Uria aalge). Molecular Ecology 5:793-805.

Friesen, V.L., W.A. Montevecchi, R.T. Barrett & W.S. Davidson. 1996. Molecular evidence for kin groups in the absence of large-scale genetic differentiation in a migratory bird. Evolution 50:924-930.

Birt, T.P., V.L. Friesen, J.M. Green & W.S. Davidson. 1995. Mitochondrial DNA variation in Newfoundland and Norwegian populations of Atlantic capelin,  Mallotus villosus, detected using two techniques. Molecular Ecology4: 771-776.

Friesen, V.L., R.T. Barrett, W.A. Montevecchi & W.S. Davidson. 1993. Molecular identification of a backcross between a female common murre/thick-billed murre hybrid and a male common murre. Can.adian Journal of Zoology 71: 1474-1477.

Friesen, V.L., W.A. Montevecchi & W.S. Davidson. 1993. Cytochrome b nucleotide sequence variation among the Atlantic Alcidae. Hereditas 119: 245-252.

Birt-Friesen, V.L., W.A. Montevecchi, A.J. Gaston and W.S. Davidson. 1992. Genetic structure of thick-billed murre (Uria lomvia) populations examined using direct sequence analysis of amplified DNA. Evolution 67: 267-272.

Birt, T.P., V.L. Friesen, J.M. Green, W.A. Montevecchi & W.S. Davidson. 1992. Cytochrome b variation in parrots. Hereditas 117: 67-72.

Montevecchi, W.A., V.L. Birt-Friesen & D.K. Cairns. 1992. Reproductive energetics and prey harvest of Leach's storm-petrels in the northwest Atlantic. Ecology 73: 823-832.

Cairns, D.K., W.A. Montevecchi, V.L. Birt-Friesen & S.A. Macko. 1990. Energy expenditures, activity budgets, and prey harvest of breeding common murres. Studies in Avian Biology 14: 84-92.

Birt-Friesen, V.L., W.A. Montevecchi, D.K. Cairns & S.A. Macko. 1989. Activity-specific metabolic rates of free-living northern gannets and other seabirds. Ecology 70: 357-367.

Davidson, W.S., S.E. Bartlett, T.P. Birt, V.L. Birt & J.M. Green. 1989. Identification and purification of serum albumin from rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 93B: 5-9.

Davidson, W.S., V.L. Birt, T.P. Birt & J.M. Green. 1988. Palmitate-binding, serum albumin-like proteins in salmonids. FEBS Letters 233: 299-302.

Montevecchi, W.A., V.L. Birt & D.K. Cairns. 1988a. Dietary changes of seabirds associated with local fisheries failures. Biological Oceanography 5: 153-161.

Montevecchi, W.A., D.K. Cairns & V.L. Birt. 1988b. Migration of post-smolt Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, off northeastern Newfoundland, as inferred by tag recoveries in a seabird colony. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 45: 568-571.

Birt, V.L., T.P. Birt, D. Goulet, D.K. Cairns & W.A. Montevecchi. 1987. Ashmole's halo: direct evidence for prey depletion by a seabird. Marine Ecology Progress Series 40: 205-208.

Birt, V.L. & D.K. Cairns. 1987. Kleptoparasitic interaction of arctic skuas Stercorarius parasiticus and black guillemots Cepphus grylle in northeastern Hudson Bay, Canada. Ibis 29: 190-196.

Cairns, D.K., K.A. Bredin & V.L. Birt. 1987a. A tunnel for hidden access to blinds at high latitude seabird colonies. Journal of Field Ornithology 58: 69-72.

Cairns, D.K., K.A. Bredin, V.L. Birt & W.A. Montevecchi. 1987b. Electronic activity recorders for aquatic wildlife. Journal of Wildlife Management 51: 395-399