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pinguino

Readings

I have divided the readings into two categories: "Required readings" and "Other sources" - the latter so that you can read to augment your understanding of particular issues or that serve as introduction to major themes in macroevolution (in some cases these are extensive review articles or whole volumes so you must choose your reading judiciously to support lecture material. These readings may be revised and expanded as we proceed through the semester. Most required readings are from the primary literature, often reviews. Full citations of many books can be found |HERE|.

Date Readings
Mon. Sept. 8

Lecture 1: Introduction & Course Overview. Required: Erwin. 2000. Macroevolution is more than repeated rounds of microevolution. Evolution & Development. 2: 78-84.

Other sources:

  • Grantham, T. 2007. Is macroevolution more then successive rounds of microevolution? Paleontology 50: 75-85.
  • Bock, W. 2006. Explanations in evolutionary theory Source: Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research. 45: 89 -103.
  • Levinton (1987 or 2001). Genetics paleontology and evolution Chptr. 1;
  • Stanley. 1979. Macroevolution, pattern and process.
  • Eldredge & Cracraft. 1980. Phylogenetic patterns and the evolutionary process
  • Stebbins & Ayala. 1981. Science 213: 967.
Wed. Sept. 10

Lecture 2: Microevolution. Required: None. This lecture should largely be review. If you are unfamiliar with this material, please peruse the relevant passages in the text listed here.

Other sources:

  • Freeman & Herron. 2007. Evolutionary Analysis. (Part II).
  • Ayala. 1982. Population and Evolutionary Genetics. A Primer.
  • Hartl. 2000. A Primer of Population Genetics, 3rd ed.
Mon. Sept. 15

Lecture 3: Species definitions. Historical perspectives. Required: Hey, J. (2009) Why Should We Care about Species? Nature Education 2(5):2

Other readings:

  • Hausdorf, B. 2012. Progress toward a general species concept. Evolution 65: 923-931.
  • Wiens. 2004. What is speciation and How should we study it? Am. Nat. 163: 914.
  • Hey. 2006. On the failure of modern species concepts Source: Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 21: 447-450.
  • Sites, J.W. and J.C. Marshall. 2004. Operational criteria for delimiting species. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics. 35: 199-227.
  • Hull. 1997. In Species: the units of biodiversity.
  • Claridge, Dawah and Wilson (eds.). For this and the next two lectures see also various articles in a complete issue of Journal of Evolutionary Biology Volume 14, Number 6 (Nov. 2001).
Wed. Sept. 17

Lecture 4: Species definitions (cont'd ...) & intro to speciation. Required: None.

Other readings:

  • Turelli et al. 2001. Theory and speciation. TREE 16: 330.
  • Otte & Endler. 1989. Speciation and its consequences.
Mon. Sept. 22

Lecture 5: Models of Speciation: Geographic versus ecological. Required: Sobel et al. 2010. The biology of speciation. Evolution. 64: 295-315.

Other readings:

  • Wilkins (2007) The dimensions, modes and definitions of species and speciation. Biology & Philosophy 22: 247-266.
  • Via, S. 2001. Sympatric speciation in animals: the ugly duckling grows up. TREE 16: 381.
  • Endler 1977. Geographic variation, speciation, and clines. Princeton Univ. Press. - a classic monograph.
Wed. Sept. 24

Lecture 6: The genetics & genomics of speciation I. Required: Seehausen et al. 2014. Genomics and the origin of species. Nature Reviews Genetics 15: 176–192.

Other readings:

  • Orr. 2001. The genetics of species differences. TREE 16: 343.
  • Wolf, Lindell & Backström. 2010. Speciation genetics: current status and evolving approaches. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 2010 365, 1717-1733.
Mon. Sept. 29

Lecture 7: The genetics & genomics of speciation. II Required: As above.

Wed. Oct. 1

Lecture 8: Speciation via hybridization or polypoidization. Required: None

Other readings:

  • Soltis & Soltis. 1999. Polyploidy: recurrent formation and genome evolution. TREE 14: 348.
  • Otto & Whitton. 2000. Polyploid incidence and evolution. Annual Review of Genetics. 34: 401.
  • Feder et al. 2003. Genetics 2003. 163: 939-853.
Mon. Oct. 6

Lecture 9: Sexual selection and sexual conflict in speciation. Required: Arnqvist et al. 2000. Sexual conflict promotes speciation in insects. PNAS 97: 10460-10464.

Wed. Oct. 8

Lecture 10: Inferring evolutionary history. Required: Faith & Trueman. 2001. Towards an inclusive philosophy for phylogenetic inference. Systematic Biology 50: 331.

Other readings:

  • Futuyma (1998): pp. 87-96 (To end of Cladistics. A Hypothetical exampl).
  • Kluge. 1999. The science of phylogenetic systematics: Explanation, prediction, and test. Cladistics 15: 429.
Mon. Oct. 13

No Class. Thanksgiving

Wed. Oct. 15

Lecture 11: Popular science writing: Please see lecture page

Mon. Oct. 20

Lecture 12: Overview of phylogenetics methods. Required: Holder & Lewis (2003). Phylogeny estimation: traditional and Bayesian approaches. Nat. Reviews Genetics 4: 275-284.

Other readings.

Hall, B. 2007. Phylogenetics Made Easy: A How to Manual. Sinauer. 3rd ed.

Wed. Oct. 22

Lecture 13: Character mapping & evolutionary inference. Required: None.

Other readings:

See Character mapping section in on-line manual for Mesquite (Maddison & Maddison)

Mon. Oct. 27

Lecture 14: Biogeography. Required (I realize this is a long review but what I wish for you to get out of this is really the overarching themes and definitions of biogeography): Morrone, J.J., and J.V. Crisci. 1995. Historical biogeography: Introduction to methods. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics. 26: 373-401.

Other readings:

  • Hubbell, S.P. 2005. The neutral theory of biodiversity and biogeography and Stephen Jay Gould. Paleobiology 31: 122-132.
Wed. Oct. 29

Lecture 15: Adaptive radiation I. Required: none.

Other readings:

  • Foote, M. 1997. The evolution of morphological diversity. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 28:129–5.
  • Schluter. 2000. The ecology of adaptive radiation.
Mon. Nov. 3

Lecture 16: Adaptive radiation II. none.

Wed. Nov. 5

Lecture 17: Co-speciation & co-evolution. Required: Scheffer & van Nes. 2006. Self-organized similarity, the evolutionary emergence of groups of similar species. PNAS 103: 6230-6235.

Other readings:

  • Futuyma and Slatkin. 1983. Coevolution.
  • Page. 2003. Tangled trees: phylogeny, cospeciation, and coevolution.
Mon. Nov. 10

Lecture 18: Evo/Devo. Required: Minelli. 2009. Phylo-evo-devo: combining phylogenetics with evolutionary developmental biology. BMC Biology 2009, 7:36.

Other readings:

  • Alberch et al. 1979.Size and shape in ontogeny and phylogeny. Paleobiology. 5: 296-317.
  • Gould. 1977. Ontogeny and phylogeny.
  • Raff. 1996. The Shape of Life: Genes, Development, and the Evolution of Animal Form.
Wed. Nov. 12

Lecture 19: Rates of evolution. Required: Paul, C.R.C. 2009. The fidelity of the fossil record: The improbability of preservation. Palaeontology. 52: 485–489.

Other readings:

  • Gould. 1986. Punctuated equilibrium: empirical response. Science 232: 439.
  • Gould and Eldredge. 1993. Punctuated equilibrium comes of age. Nature 366: 223.
  • Lewin. 1986. Punctuated equilibrium is now old hat. Science 231: 672.
  • Levinton. 1986. Punctuated equilibrium. Science 231: 1490.
  • Gould. 1994. Tempo and mode in the macroevolutionary reconstruction of Darwinism.
Mon. Nov. 17

Lecture 20: Species selection. Required (My primary desire here is for you to develop an understanding of what species selection is and how it might differ from other modes of selection - again a long article): Jablonski, D. 2008. Species selection: Theory and data. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 39: 501-524.

Other readings:

  • Stanley. 1975. A theory of evolution above the species level. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 72: 646-650. See interesting debate in the literature in the pages of Nature in 1988 - by Maynard-Smith, Stanley, Gould.
  • Gould. 1998. Gulliver's further travels: the necessity and difficulty of a hierarchical theory of selection. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Biol. 353:307.
Wed. Nov. 19

Lecture 21: Mass extinctions. Required: Hut et al. 1987. Comet showers as a cause of mass extinctions. Nature 329: 118-126. A classic!!

Other readings:

  • Krug et al. 2009. Signature of end-Cretaceous mass extinction in the modern biota. Science 323: 767-771.
Mon. Nov. 24

Lecture 22: Deep time evolution. Required: Levinton. 2008. The Cambrian Explosion: How Do We Use the Evidence? Bioscience. 58: 855-864.

Other readings:

Gould. 1989. Wonderful life: the Burgess Shale and nature of history.

McShea. 1998. Possible largest-scale trends in organismal evolution: Eight "Live Hypotheses". Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 29:293.

Wed. Nov. 26

not applicable