vBIOLOGY 335* LIMNOLOGY AND AQUATIC ECOLOGY (Fall 2014)
|Course Information| |Lecture Schedule and links to PDF Files| |Labs, Fieldtrip & Assignments| |Brian's website|
Welcome to the Biology 335 (Limnology) website. The main goal of this site is to give information on this course, links to PDF files of the lectures, PDFs of the labs, as well as PDFs of some essential papers. Please use the userid and password given to you in class to access the PDF files.
Professor: Brian F. Cumming
Professor, Biology/School of Environmental Studies; Director School of Environmental Studies; Co-director, Paleoecological Environmental Assessment and Research Lab (PEARL).
Offices: Room 3134A Bioscience Complex (normally), Room 4307B (PEARL, office).
Contact Information: 533-6153 (phone); e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Teaching Assistants (TAs):
Jamie Summers (email@example.com -- Emily Stewart (firstname.lastname@example.org) -- Moumita Karkamar (email@example.com -- Andrew Labaj (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Limnology is a large subject that considers geological, physical and chemical aspects of inland waters, as well as their biology and development. Obviously, in a half course we cannot attempt to consider all facets of limnology in depth. We attempt to present an overview, emphasizing fundamental interactions and processes. The objectives of the course are to provide you with a basic understanding of the physical, chemical, and biological processes in lakes, as well as an appreciation of the impact of human activities on these waterbodies.
Course material will be presented by three approaches ‑ in formal lectures, laboratories, and a compulsory one-day (either Saturday, September 27 or Sunday, September 28; the exact day will be determined by the end of the first week of class) field trip to the Queen's University Biology Station (QUBS) on Lake Opinicon. There is overlap between these approaches, but they are not redundant and require integration.
There is a strong practical component to this course beginning with the field trip when you will receive a crash course in limnological surveys. You will receive an introduction to many facets of limnological methodology including chemical and biological sampling techniques, and plankton identification. In only a few of these aspects will you receive any further practice or amplification in later laboratory periods. From the data you collect on the field trip and additional information you will be given, you will be expected to answer questions on the exams. Your laboratory pass (available at the Campus Book Store) includes the cost of the field trip. This cost will cover the cost of transportation to and from the Biology Field Station, user fees, and lunch. Please bring this pass to your first lab.
If you have any questions or concerns about the course, please feel free to contact me or your DSC (to be selected by your class). It is best to try to talk to me immediately following the lectures. However, if this is not possible, my e-mail is email@example.com, and my office (Rm. 3134a, ENSC Office, or 4307b) in the Biosciences Complex (the phone number for both offices is 533-6153).
Lectures: Monday (3:30-4:20), Wednesday (2:30-3:20) and Thursday (4:30-5:20), Ellis Hall, Rm. 226.
Labs: Every other week (total 5 labs) + one-day compulsory fieldtrip (Sept. 27 or Sept. 28) [Three Sections: Wednesday AM, 8:30-11:30; Friday AM, 8:30-11:30; Friday PM, 2:30-5:30].
Please show upto your lab time in the first week of classes and bring your lab pass-- your demonstrators will go over important organizational and safety information.
Lab times: All labs are held in Rm. 3320 of the Bioscience Complex.
Fieldtrip: In this course we have a compulsary one-day fieldtrip to the Queen's University Biology Station (QUBS) (Sept. 27). We will leave at 7:30 sharp, and will return by approximately 6 pm the same day.
Required Textbook: Wetzel, R. G. 2001. Limnology: Lake and River Ecosystems (3nd edition), Academic Press (available at the Campus Book Store).
A) Assignment 1: Lake Models (Lab 1) - 10%;
B) Midterm exam - 20% - covers material upto the end of the Physical and Chemical Limnology section of this course
C) Assignment 2: Paleoecology (Lab 4) - 15%;
D) Lab exam - 15%;
E) Final exam - 40% - held during the normal exam period. The focus of the final exam will be on material covered in the latter part of the course. Examination questions may also include material covered in labs and the field day.
LECTURE SCHEDULE AND LINKS TO PDF FILES
Generally, I will try to get the PDF files up onto the website 24 to 48 hrs prior to the lecture.
PLEASE NOTE: These notes represent most of the visuals shown in the lectures. They do not represent all of the information you will require, as much more is discussed in the lectures than appears on these visuals. PLEASE take notes in class, it is an important skill you have to develop in university.
|Lecture Topic||Date (day)||Chapter||Lecture Title|
|Week 1||Introduction||Sept. 8 (M, 3:30)||1||
|Lab Introduction (all groups, ~ 1hr)||Show up to your scheduled lab|
|Sept. 10 (W, 2:30)||2, 4, 5||
Water Properties and Light
Sept. 11 (Th, 4:30)
Heat and Lake Stratification
|Week 2||Sept. 15 (M, 3:30)||PDF Lewis||Lake Classification|
|Lab 1, Group 1||PDF Vallentyne||Lab 1 (Group 1) - Lake Models|
|Sept. 17 (W, 2:30)||7||Water Movements|
|Sept. 18 (Th, 4:30)||3||Origin of Lakes|
|Week 3||Chemical Limnology||
Sept. 22 (M, 3:30)
|Lab 1, Group 2||Lab 1 (Group 2)- Lake Models|
Sept. 24 (W, 2:30)
|Sept. 25 (Th, 4:30)||
Salintiy II + Intro to Field trip (included in PDF above)
|Opinicon Fieldtrip||Sept. 27(Sat) - 7:30 am - 6 pm||Field manual|
|Week 4||Sept. 29 (M, 3:30)
|Lab 2, Group 1
||Lab 2 (Group 1) –Chemical Limnology; Assignment 1 due (Lab 1)|
|Sept. 30 (W, 2:30)
|Oct. 2 (Th, 4:30)||13; also see paper: Camareo & Catalan, Nature (Sept. 2012)||Phosphorus Cycle|
|Week 5||Oct 6 (M, 3:30)||Micronutrients (S, Si)|
|Lab 2, Group 2||Lab 2 (Group 2) –Chemical Limnology; Assignment 1 due (Lab 1)|
|Oct. 8 (W., 2:30)
Case Study - Lake Nyos + review
|Midterm||Oct. 9 (Th, 4:30)||Example midterm||MIDTERM (in class) ANSWERS TO MIDTERM|
|Week 6||Thanksgiving - no classes||Oct. 13 (M) Thanksgiving (no classes)||
|Lab 3, Group 1||Lab 3 (Group 1) – Phytoplankton and Zooplankton|
Primary/ Secondary Production
Oct. 15 (W, 2:30)
||Intro. to Algae|
Oct. 16 (Th, 4:30)
|15||Ecology of Algae|
Oct. 20 (M, 3:30)
|Lab 3, Group 2||Lab 3 (Group 2) – Phytoplankton and Zooplankton|
Oct. 22 (W, 2:30)
|Oct. 24 (Th, 4:30)
||16||Fish and Trophic Interactions|
|Week 8||Integrative Limnology||Oct. 27 (M, 3:30)
||24||Introduction to Paleolimnology|
|Lab 4, Group 1
||Lab 4 (Group 1) – Paleolimnology|
|Oct. 29 (W, 2:30)||Lake Acidification|
Oct. 30 (Th, 4:30)
|Applied Paleolimnology-Acidification in the Adirondacks|
Nov. 3 (M, 3:30)
|Multiple stressors in the Adirondacks|
|Lab 4, Group 2||Lab 4 (Group 2) – Paleolimnology|
Nov. 5 (W, 2:30)
|Nov. 6 (Th, 4:30)
|Week 10||Nov. 10 (M, 3:30)
Guest Lecture - Dr. Peter Hodson. Oil Sands
|Lab 5, Group 1
Lab 5 (Group 1) – Mesocosms; Assignment 2 (Lab 4) due
|Nov. 12 (W, 2:30)||Guest Lecture - Dr. Shelley Arnott . Invasive Aquatic Species|
Nov. 13 (Th, 4:30)
|Lakes and Climate|
Nov. 17 (M, 3:30)
|Multiple Stressors in Tropical Lakes|
|Lab 5, Group 2||Lab 5 (Group 2) – Mesocosms; Assignment 2 (Lab 4) due|
Nov. 19 (W, 2:30)
|Guest Lecture - Dr. John Smol. Arctic and Antarctic Lakes|
Nov. 20 (Th, 4:30)
|Guest Lecture - Dr. John Casselman. Fish and Climate|
|Week 12||Nov. 24 (M, 3:30)
||USAT + Lake Ontogeny|
|Nov. 26 (W, 2:30)||Lab Exam|
|Lab Exam||Nov. 27 (Th., 4:30||No lecture|
|Exam Period||Final Exam||Dec. 15 (7 pm, Walter Light Hall)||Link to past exams||50% short answer/ 50% essay|
*note: assignments are due in your regularly scheduled lab slot.
LABORATORIES, FIELDTRIP AND ASSIGNMENTS
If you would not be forgotten,
as soon as you are dead and rotten,
either write things worth reading,
or do things worth the writing.
Benjamin Franklin, Poor Richard's Almanac (1738)
One of the skills you are expected to master during your university education is to communicate clearly and logically the knowledge that you have gained. Therefore, two written assignments are part of this course. As 25% of your final mark will be dependent on them, you should spend considerable time in preparing concise, clear and correct reports. These reports should be written as papers. The format of the papers will be detailed in your lab. Reports are due by the beginning of your next laboratory (i.e. you have two weeks to complete them). Marks will be reduced by 5% for each day a report is late (weekends will count as a single day). We will not be able to accept the excuse of a disk or a hard-drive crashing (make back-up copies!!).
Labs are held every other week, starting in the second week. PDF files of the labs, and the compulsory field day at the Queen’s University Biological Station are found below. Please come prepared for the labs (i.e., Please read and understand the PDF for the lab). Attendance at the labs is compulsory. If you miss a lab without a valid excuse, your assignment will not be marked.
Links to PDF files and readings for labs:
Lab 1 (Lake Models): |Lab 1|
Lab 2 (Chemical Techniques): |Lab 2|
Lab 3 (Phytoplankton and Zooplankton): |Lab 3|
Lab 4 (Paleolimnology Lab): |Lab 4|
Lab 5 (Mesocosms): |Lab 5|
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Students are responsible for familiarizing themselves with the regulations concerning academic integrity and for ensuring that their assignments conform to the principles of academic integrity. Information on academic integrity is available in the Arts and Science Calendar (see Academic Regulation 1). Departures from academic integrity include plagiarism, use of unauthorized materials, facilitation, forgery and falsification, and are antithetical to the development of an academic community at Queen's. Given the seriousness of these matters, actions which contravene the regulation on academic integrity carry sanctions that can range from a warning or the loss of grades on an assignment to the failure of a course to a requirement to withdraw from the university.